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Table 5 Predictors of past help-seeking behaviours both in unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression

From: Predictors of mental health help-seeking among Polish people living in the United Kingdom

  Unadjusted Adjusteda
OR 95% Cl p-value OR 95% Cl p-value
Constant     0.08 0.004 to 1.57 0.1
Predisposing variables
 Age 1.04 1.01 to 1.06 0.006 1.07 1.02 to 1.11 0.003
 Gender
  Female (reference category)
  Male 0.68 0.40 to 1.16 0.16 0.81 0.42 to 1.55 0.52
 Marital status
  Single, never married (reference category)
  In a relationship 1.17 0.59 to 2.31 0.66 1.47 0.65 to 3.35 0.35
  Married 1.75 0.90 to 3.41 0.10 2.11 0.85 to 5.24 0.11
  Divorced/widowed 2.49 1.10 to 5.64 0.03 2.87 0.95 to 8.65 0.06
 Length of stay in the UK (in months)
   < 3 (reference category)
   ≥ 3 < 12 1.91 0.61 to 5.94 0.27 1.69 0.49 to 5.82 0.40
   ≥ 12 < 24 4.10 1.36 to 12.35 0.01 3.00 0.91 to 9.94 0.07
   ≥ 24 6.59 2.27 to 19.13 0.001 4.90 1.52 to 15.80 0.008
 Children in the UK
  Yes (reference category)
  No/Not all 0.40 0.14 to 1.15 0.09 0.22 0.06 to 0.78 0.02
  Not applicable 1.12 0.69 to 1.84 0.65 2.58 1.33 to 5.03 0.005
 Partner present in the UK
  Yes (reference category)
  No/Not applicable 0.99 0.61 to 1.60 0.96 0.93 0.51 to 1.71 0.81
 Help-seeking self-stigma 0.87 0.83 to 0.91 0.001 0.85 0.81 to 0.90 < 0.001
Enabling variables
 Education
  Nursery schools to 8th grade/college (reference category)
  Graduate/postgraduate 1.22 0.72 to 2.09 0.46 0.89 0.47 to 1.71 0.74
 Job Status
  Employed part-time (reference category)
  Employed full-time 0.93 0.66 to 1.30 0.83 0.78 0.36 to 1.69 0.53
  Unemployed 0.70 0.52 to 3.03 0.48 0.68 0.21 to 2.15 0.51
  Retiredb
  Student 1.26 0.53 to 3.10 0.61 0.76 0.24 to 2.38 0.64
 Knowledge of NHS 1.45 1.31 to 1.62 < 0.001 1.41 1.20 to 1.66 < 0.001
 English proficiency 1.06 1.02 to 1.09 0.09 0.97 0.88 to 1.07 0.58
 Acculturation 0.96 0.93 to 0.99 0.003 0.98 0.94 to 1.01 0.22
 Perceived Social Support 0.98 0.96 to 1.00 0.06 0.97 0.94 to 1.00 0.04
Need variable
 Mental health status 1.05 1.00 to 1.11 0.07 1.11 1.04 to 1.20 0.004
  1. Note. OR odds ratio
  2. aAdjusted for age, length of stay in the UK, presence of children in the UK, help-seeking self-stigma, knowledge of NHS, perceived social support and mental health status
  3. bEstimates not produced due to a low number of participants (n = 21)