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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of exposure and outcome variables

From: Predictors of mental health help-seeking among Polish people living in the United Kingdom

  Total (N = 536) Men (n = 174) Women (n = 353)  
Variable n (%) n (%) n (%) p for difference
GHQ (Cases)a 313 (58.4) 97 (55.8) 216 (61.2) 0.21
GHSQ (Past) 84 (15.7) 22 (12.6) 62 (17.6) 0.26
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) p-value
GHSQ (Intentions) 10.00 (8.00) 10.00 (9.00) 11.00 (8.00) 0.57
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value
SSOSH 24.65 (6.39) 26.11 (6.41) 23.93 (6.26) < 0.001
MSPSS 42.33 (10.71) 40.90 (10.82) 43.04 (10.56) 0.03
EAAMb 22.22 (8.37) 23.68 (7.97) 21.50 (8.46) 0.05
English language proficiency 15.32 (3.88) 14.96 (3.86) 15.50 (3.88) 0.14
Knowledge of NHS 4.21 (1.79) 3.96 (1.66) 4.34 (1.85) 0.02
  1. Note. GHQ the General Health Questionnaire, GHSQ the General Health Seeking Questionnare, IQR Interquartile Range, SD Standard Deviation, SSOSH the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help, MSPSS the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, EAAM the East Asian Acculturation Measure, NHS the National Health Services
  2. aGHQ ≥ 4 was considered as a case
  3. bHigher score indicated lower acculturation (higher separation)