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Table 3 Patient and pain characteristics. (N = 886)

From: Entertaining accurate treatment expectations while suffering from chronic pain: an exploration of treatment expectations and the relationship with patient- provider communication

  N (%) Mean (SD)
Age
 18 to 24 years 8 (.9%)  
 25 to 34 years 40 (4.6%)  
 35 to 44 years 100 (11.4%)  
 45 to 54 years 246 (28.0%)  
 55 to 64 years 274 (31.2%)  
 65 to 74 years 142 (16.2%)  
 75 years or older 68 (7.7%)  
Sex (Female) 633 (72.9%)  
Educational attainment
 University (MSc/BSc) 61 (7.2%)  
 Higher vocational education (BSc) 238 (28.2%)  
 Middle vocational education 188 (22.2%)  
 High school/ secondary education 337 (39.9%)  
  < High school level 21 (2.5%)  
Cause of pain
 Accident 254 (30.9%)  
 Disease 168 (20.4%)  
 Surgical procedure 78 (9.5%)  
 Unknown 178 (21.7%)  
 Other 144 (17.5%)  
Duration of pain in years (until 2012)   14.9 (11.9)
Treatment type
 Medication 114 (17.7%)  
 Injections 47 (7.3%)  
 Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation 18 (2.8%)  
 Surgical procedure 18 (2.8%)  
 Physiotherapy 265 (41.2%)  
 Cesar/Mensendieck practice therapy 17 (2.6%)  
 Psychological support 27 (4.2%)  
 Other 99 (15.4%)  
Treatment goal
 Complete recovery 53 (7.7%)  
 Decrease in pain 347 (50.7%)  
 Stabilising pain 187 (27.3%)  
 Learning to cope with pain 65 (9.5%)  
 Other 28 (4.1%)