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Table 7 Summary of consistent individual predictors for each utilization outcome *

From: Prediction of healthcare utilization following an episode of physical therapy for musculoskeletal pain

Dependent variable Utilization outcome
Any care Opioids Injection Surgery Diagnostic tests or imaging Emergency room
Age       X
Insurance       X
Comorbidities (CCI)   X    X  
Baseline disability X   X X X X
Baseline pain   X     
Change in pain X X    X X
Change in disability     X   
Change in 10-item OSPRO-YF     X   
  1. CCI Charlson comorbidity index, OSPRO-YF Pain-related psychological distress screening tool
  2. *Significant predictors (p < .05) for each dependent variable denoted with “X”