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Table 4 Logistic regression model on knowledge, attitudes and detection of cases related to FGM and different independent variables

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary healthcare professionals to female genital mutilation in Valencia, Spain: are we ready for this challenge?

  Detection Attitudes, Measures Proposed Knowledge
Cases of FGM Cases at risk of FGM Educate and sensitize Condemn and report Educate and report Control Protocol of action Correct identification of types and countries of prevalence of FGM
Gender
 Male 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Female 0.8 (0.19–3.30) 0.9 (0.51–1.60) 1.1 (0.49–2.71) 0.9 (0.55–1.70) 0.9 (0.55–1.74) 1.02 (0.58–1.81) 1.1 (0.26–4.83) 0.7 (0.13–4.68)
Age (years)
  ≤ 35 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 36–50 0.4 (0.06–3.91) 0.6 (0.29–1.55) 0.6 (0.17–2.16) 0.4 (0.19–0.98)* 0.4 (0.20–1.03) 2.8 (1.18–6.99)* 1.003 (0.18–5.49)
  > 50 0.6 (0.11–3.43) 0.8 (0.41–1.69) 0.9 (0.30–3.07) 0.4 (0.21–0.87)* 0.5 (0.27–1.10) 2.1 (0.94–4.74) 0.4 (0.08–2.24)
Professional groups
 FM and nursing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Midwifery, paediatrics and gynaecology 5.1 (1.37–19.4)* 1.6 (0.80–3.42) 5.5 (0.70–43.57) 0.7 (0.37–1.66) 0.9 (0.45–2.02) 1.3 (0.62–2.71) 26.38 (7.57–91.93)* 7.4 (1.39–39.43)*
 Social work and others 4.6 (0.47–46.22) 1.58 (0.47–5.26) 1.1 (0.33–3.68) 1.4 (0.44–4.88) 1.06 (0.32–4.40) 10.5 (1.59–70.54)*
Training
 Not received 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  
 Received 8.6 (1.14–64.9) 0.7 (0.12–4.39) 0.3 (0.03–3.68) 3.5 (0.61–20.44) 1.9 (0.36–10.08) 0.7 (0.13–4.40) 195.6 (13.9–2750.1)*  
Professions
 GPs 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Gynaecologists
 Paediatricians 2.5 (0.21–30.11) 1.9 (0.77–4.97) 2.1 (0.25–18.09) 1.09 (0.44–2.70) 1.05 (0.39–2.62) 1.5 (0.62–3.82) 12.9 (3.0–55.67) 2.9 (0.24–34.82)
 Nurses 1.8 (0.32–11.14) 1.6 (0.92–2.91) 0.4 (0.20–1.13) 0.8 (0.51–1.51) 0.6 (0.39–1.18) 0.8 (0.45–1.39) 0.7 (0.13–3.63) 0.5 (0.04–6.66)
 Midwives 40.8 (5.17–322.1)* 3.3 (0.70–9.45) 0.4 (0.10–1.8) 0.5 (0.12–2.06) 0.3 (0.07–1.78) 26.8 (4.74–152.4)* 16.6 (1.46–188.60)*
 Social workers 7.4 (0.54–102.4) 2.5 (0.70–9.45) 0.8 (0.22–3.06) 0.9 (0.25–3.52) 0.7 (1.19–2.71) 6.2 (0.84–45.95)
  1. Results are expressed using Odds Ratio and CI 95% in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.05 on comparison with the reference category
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