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Table 3 Knowledge, attitudes and detection of cases according to gender, age and profession

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of primary healthcare professionals to female genital mutilation in Valencia, Spain: are we ready for this challenge?

  Age (n 293)   Gender (n 307) Professionals (n 321)
≤35 (n 43) 36–50 (n 69) > 50 (n 181) p Male (n 77) Female (n 230) GPs (n 123) Paediatricians (n 25) Nurses (n 146) Midwives (n 11) Social workers (n 13) p
N % N % N %   N % N % N % N % N % N % N %  
Knowledge
Correctly identify
 Concept and types of FGM 9 20.9 16 23.2 43 23.8   17 22.1 54 23.5 29 23.6 8 32 25 17.1 8 72.7 3 23 0.001
 Prevalence countries 1 2.3 4 5.8 8 4.4   5 6.5 10 4.4 13 37.2 6 17.1 13 37.1 1 2.7 2 5.7  
 Legislation 8 18.6 16 23.2 59 32.6   21 27.3 66 28.7 40 43 10 10.7 33 35.5 6 6.5 3 3.2  
 Protocol of action 3 7 6 8.70 12 6.63   4 5.2 18 7.8 3 2.4 7 28.0 3 2.1 5 45.5 3 23.1 < 0.001
 Reasons for conducting FGM       < 0.001                
  Tradition and customs 5 11.6 27 39.1 71 39.2   28 36.4 85 37 53 44.2 8 6.7 49 40.8 4 3.3 5 4.2  
  Religious reasons 11 25.6 5 7.3 6 3.3   5 6.5 19 8.3 8 33.3 1 4.2 15 62.5 0 0 0 0  
  Tradition and religious reasons 20 46.5 28 40.6 74 40.9   31 40.3 93 40.4 45 34.6 14 10.7 59 45.4 3 2.3 7 5.4  
  Tradition and marriage opportunities 3 7 3 4.4 9 5   4 5.2 11 4.8 5 33.3 0 0 8 53.3 2 13.3 0 0  
  Other 4 9.3 6 8.7 21 11.6   9 11.7 22 9.6 12 37.5 2 6.3 15 46.9 2 6.3 1 3.1  
 Training received 7 16.3 8 11.6 30 16.5   10 13 37 16.1 14 11.3 5 20 19 13 7 63.6 2 15.3 0.006
 Proper traininga 0 0 0 0 3 10   0 0 3 8.1 1 0.8 0 0 0 0 2 18.2 0 0 < 0.001
Attitudes
 Educate and sensitize 39 90.7 59 85.5 163 90.1   68 88.3 206 89.6 110 89.4 24 96 124 84.9 11 100 13 100  
 Condemn and report 25 58.1 26 37.7 71 39.2   31 40.3 93 40.4 46 39.8 11 44 62 42.5 3 27.3 5 38.5  
 Educate and report 21 48.8 21 30.4 64 35.4   27 35.1 81 35.2 45 36.6 10 40 49 33.6 3 27.3 5 38.5  
 Control 10 23.3 30 43.5 66 36.5   28 36.4 82 35.7 46 37.4 13 52 46 31.5 2 18.2 4 30.8  
Detection
 Have detected any case of FGM 2 4.7 3 4.4 8 4.4   3 3.9 11 4.8 4 3.3 1 4 5 3.4 4 36.4 1 7.7 < 0.05
 Correctly identify cases at risk 17 39.5 21 30.4 63 34.8   30 39 78 33.9 35 28.5 11 44 51 34.9 6 54.6 5 38.5  
  1. aOf those who responded having received any training, the ones who correctly identified types of FGM and countries of prevalence
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