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Table 2 Clinical characteristics and inpatient outcomes of severe anemia (SA) vs. None SA patients at Lira and Jinja Hospitals

From: High rate of inappropriate blood transfusions in the management of children with severe anemia in Ugandan hospitals

  SA
N = 574
Non SA
N = 1701
Age, median (IQRa) 2.0 (1.1, 3.5) 1.4 (0.6, 2.5)
Sex, n (% male) 335 (58.4%) 930 (54.7%)
Presentation
 History of Fever 550 (95.8%) 1505 (88.5%)
 Cough 359 (62.5%) 1035 (60.8%)
Time of admission (N = 260) (N = 903)
 Day (8.01.am to 4.00 pm) 134 (51.5%) 567 (62.8%)
 Evening (4.01 pm to 9.00 pm) 49 (18.8%) 170 (18.8%)
 Night (9.01 pm to 8.00 am) 77 (29.6%) 166 (18.4%)
Clinical Diagnosisb
 Severe Malaria 524 (91.3%) 911 (53.6%)
 Septicaemia 207 (36.1%) 696 (40.9%)
 Severe pneumonia 87 (15.2%) 516 (30.4%)
 Severe Acute Malnutrition 12 (2.1%) 85 (5.0%)
 Sickle cell Disease 78 (13.6%) 77 (4.5%)
Transfused 551 (95.9%) 9 (0.5%)
Laboratory tests done, n (%)
 Hb measurement 347 (60.5%) 414 (24.3%)
 Malaria test (RDT or microscopy) 466 (81.2%) 1263 (74.3%)
 Complete Blood Count 228 (39.8%) 367 (21.6%)
Outcome
 Discharged 483 (84.2%) 1419 (83.4%)
 Transferred to another hospital 22 (3.8%) 12 (0.7%)
 Left prior to planned discharge 37 (6.4%) 212 (12.5%)
 Died 32 (5.6%) 58 (3.4%)
Time of death N = 24 N = 38
 Day (8.01.am to 4.00 pm) 7 (29.2%) 12 (31.6%)
 Evening (4.01 pm to 9.00 pm) 2 (8.3%) 5 (13.1%)
 Night (9.01 pm to 8.00 am) 15 (62.5%) 21 (55.3%)
Duration of hospitalization, median (IQR) 3.0 (2.0, 5.0) 3.0 (2.0, 5.0)
  1. aIQR Inter Quartile Range
  2. bDiagnoses as listed on the charts the by the clinician and not necessarily confirmed by laboratory testing
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