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Table 3 Predicting use of outpatient services among NHPIs living in the US: Odds-Ratio and Confidence Interval (95% CI)a

From: Frequency and predictors of health services use by Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders: evidence from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey

  Model 3: Predisposing, Enabling, and Evaluated Needs   Model 4: Predisposing, Enabling, and Perceived Needs
Occasional
vs. Non-Users
Moderate
vs. Non-Users
Frequent
vs. Non-Users
  Occasional
vs. Non-Users
Moderate
vs. Non-Users
Frequent
vs. Non-Users
Predisposing factors    
 Age 1.009*
(1.001-1.016)
1.019*
(1.003-1.035)
1.022*
(1.005-1.038)
  1.011*
(1.002-1.020)
1.023*
(1.005-1.041)
1.028**
(1.008-1.049)
 Females 1.321*
(1.001-1.786)
1.852*
(1.061-3.233)
2.023*
(1.124-3.640)
  1.303*
(1.000-1.713)
1.760*
(1.067-2.902)
2.001*
(1.094-3.659)
 High-school or less 1.045
(0.778-1.402)
1.101
(0.563-2.156)
1.117
(0.516-2.417)
  1.092
(0.827-1.442)
1.206
(0.645-2.255)
1.259
(0.583-2.718)
 High-school/GED 1.015
(0.851-1.211)
1.034
(0.699-1.530)
1.039
(0.664-1.626)
  0.989
(0.822-1.189)
0.976
(0.658-1.448)
0.971
(0.598-1.576)
 Married/living with partner (yes) 1.171
(0.876-1.564)
1.417
(0.777-2.583)
1.490
(0.744-2.983)
  1.127
(0.843-1.506)
1.290
(0.696-2.390)
1.366
(0.646-2.892)
 Unemployed 1.421*
(1.045-1.933)
2.177**
(1.250-3.791)
2.433**
(1.303-4.542)
  1.393*
(1.022-1.899)
2.028*
(1.183-3.477)
2.381*
(1.218-4.653)
 Born in the US (yes) 1.347**
(1.089-1.667)
1.935**
(1.192-3.140)
2.127*
(1.179-3.836)
  1.317*
(1.062-1.632)
1.798*
(1.078-2.999)
2.054*
(1.084-3.895)
Enabling factors    
  < 100% FPL 0.684
(0.404-1.159)
0.431
(0.160-1.164)
0.382
(0.133-1.101)
  0.582
(0.325-1.044)
0.315*
(0.122-0.814)
0.242*
(0.079-0.741)
 100-199% FPL 0.830
(0.609-1.133)
0.663
(0.346-1.270)
0.625
(0.293-1.333)
  0.736
(0.537-1.007)
0.519*
(0.281-0.958)
0.448*
(0.209-0.956)
 200-399% FPL 0.766
(0.571-1.028)
0.555*
(0.331-0.929)
0.510*
(0.286-0.909)
  0.719*
(0.532-0.971)
0.494**
(0.303-0.807)
0.421**
(0.234-0.759)
 Uninsured 0.694
(0.343-1.404)
0.446
(0.108-1.842)
0.397
(0.076-2.064)
  0.734
(0.385-1.399)
0.516
(0.133-2.001)
0.444
(0.085-2.328)
 Usual source of care 2.335***
(1.662-3.281)
6.540***
(3.050-14.027)
8.555***
(3.461-21.151)
  2.361***
(1.603-3.479)
6.255***
(3.111-12.578)
9.485***
(3.950-22.775)
 Use eHealth information 1.517**
(1.187-1.938)
2.515***
(1.509-4.192)
2.869**
(1.580-5.212)
  1.589**
(1.213-2.081)
2.686***
(1.624-4.442)
3.361***
(1.887-5.987)
 Ability to afford health care 1.214*
(1.022-1.442)
1.536**
(1.128-2.091)
1.633*
(1.126-2.370)
  1.185*
(1.026-1.369)
1.436*
(1.097-1.880)
1.559**
(1.135-2.140)
 Neighborhood social support 0.980
(0.950-1.012)
0.957
(0.889-1.030)
0.951
(0.873-1.036)
  0.984
(0.952-1.017)
0.966
(0.897-1.041)
0.959
(0.875-1.051)
 Barriers to health care access 1.043
(0.810-1.342)
1.097
(0.636-1.892)
1.112
(0.599-2.062)
  1.087
(0.857-1.379)
1.195
(0.743-1.923)
1.245
(0.699-2.217)
Evaluated needs (CDs)     Perceived needs (health status)    
 1 1.253
(0.955-1.643)
1.647
(0.873-3.109)
1.769
(0.872-3.589)
 Good 0.533**
(0.357-0.796)
0.261***
(0.132-0.515)
0.192***
(0.078-0.478)
  ≥ 2 1.716**
(1.223-2.407)
3.306***
(1.792-6.099)
3.922***
(1.979-7.775)
 Very good 0.459**
(0.281-0.749)
0.190***
(0.100-0.361)
0.130***
(0.056-0.303)
      Excellent 0.404**
(0.235-0.694)
0.145***
(0.064-0.329)
0.093***
(0.030-0.288)
  1. Source: NHPI-NHIS 2014
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  3. aReferent: More than high-school; other marital status (widowed, divorced or separated, never married); ≥400% FPL; insured; no usual source of care; did not use eHealth; No CD; poor-fair health)