Skip to main content

Table 2 Predicting use of ED services among NHPIs: Odds-Ratio and Confidence Interval (95% CI)a

From: Frequency and predictors of health services use by Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders: evidence from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey

  Model 1: Predisposing, Enabling, and Evaluated Needs   Model 2: Predisposing, Enabling, and Perceived Needs
Single
vs. Non-Users
Multiple
vs. Non-Users
Multiple
vs. Single
  Single
vs. Non-Users
Multiple
vs. Non-Users
Multiple
vs. Single
Predisposing factors    
 Age 1.007
(0.997-1.018)
1.010
(0.993-1.027)
1.002
(0.993-1.011)
  1.008
(0.997-1.020)
1.015*
(1.001-1.030)
1.007
(0.998-1.015)
 Females 0.861
(0.627-1.181)
0.823
(0.538-1.261)
0.957
(0.801-1.143)
  0.914
(0.707-1.182)
0.852
(0.526-1.383)
0.933
(0.731-1.191)
 High-school or less 1.083
(0.564-2.081)
1.109
(0.487-2.526)
1.024
(0.851-1.232)
  1.088
(0.621-1.906)
1.161
(0.451-2.988)
1.067
(0.721-1.581)
 High-school/GED 1.208
(0.795-1.835)
1.277
(0.815-2.000)
1.057
(0.901-1.240)
  1.088
(0.621-1.906)
1.111
(0.590-2.092)
1.067
(0.721-1.581)
 Married/living with partner 0.721
(0.423-1.228)
0.655
(0.333-1.288)
0.908
(0.648-1.273)
  0.757
(0.441-1.298)
0.609
(0.279-1.329)
0.806
(0.566-1.148)
 Unemployed 1.002
(0.652-1.540)
1.003
(0.575-1.748)
1.001
(0.882-1.135)
  0.951
(0.694-1.304)
0.915
(0.518-1.616)
0.962
(0.742-1.246)
 Born in the US 1.302
(0.841-2.014)
1.407
(0.810-2.445)
1.081
(0.823-1.420)
  1.184
(0.793-1.767)
1.349
(0.703-2.590)
1.140
(0.841-1.544)
Enabling factors    
  < 100% FPL 1.387
(0.705-2.731)
1.528
(0.563-4.148)
1.101
(0.716-1.695)
  1.158
(0.620-2.164)
1.297
(0.391-4.304)
1.120
(0.621-2.022)
 100-199% FPL 1.433
(0.875-2.348)
1.593*
(1.023-2.482)
1.112
(0.829-1.492)
  1.128
(0.738-1.726)
1.239
(0.633-2.427)
1.098
(0.838-1.440)
 200-399% FPL 1.003
(0.656-1.533)
1.004
(0.580-1.738)
1.001
(0.883-1.134)
  0.925
(0.645-1.328)
0.871
(0.460-1.650)
0.942
(0.708-1.254)
 Uninsured 0.920
(0.263-3.224)
0.898
(0.166-4.850)
0.976
(0.631-1.509)
  0.936
(0.369-2.379)
0.890
(0.159-4.982)
0.950
(0.431-2.097)
 Usual source of care 1.102
(0.425-2.859)
1.134
(0.315-4.085)
1.029
(0.734-1.443)
  1.086
(0.464-2.538)
1.157
(0.251-5.329)
1.066
(0.538-2.110)
 Use eHealth information 1.520
(0.917-2.519)
1.719*
(1.080-2.736)
1.131
(0.792-1.616)
  1.436
(0.912-2.262)
1.901*
(1.137-3.180)
1.117
(0.873-1.430)
 Ability to afford health care 1.236
(0.990-1.543)
1.316
(0.823-2.105)
1.064
(0.809-1.400)
  1.154
(0.980-1.359)
1.290
(0.893-1.864)
1.12
(0.873-1.437)
 Neighborhood social support 0.951
(0.884-1.023)
0.937*
(0.881-0.997)
0.985
(0.948-1.025)
  0.971
(0.914-1.031)
0.948
(0.877-1.026)
0.977
(0.949-1.006)
 Barriers to health care access 1.138
(0.809-1.601)
1.183
(0.797-1.756)
1.039
(0.916-1.179)
  1.151
(0.837-1.582)
1.283
(0.804-2.048)
1.115
(0.916-1.357)
Evaluated needs (CDs)     Perceived needs (health status)    
 1 1.191
(0.763-1.860)
1.254
(0.715-2.199)
1.053
(0.862-1.286)
 Good 0.484*
(0.282-0.830)
0.275**
(0.107-0.708)
0.570
(0.241-1.347)
  ≥ 2 1.881
(0.971-3.645)
2.267**
(1.399-3.672)
1.205
(0.714-2.034)
 Very good 0.369**
(0.202-0.674)
0.170***
(0.074-0.391)
0.462
(0.161-1.324)
      Excellent 0.451**
(0.254-0.801)
0.243**
(0.090-0.659)
0.540
(0.212-1.374)
  1. Source: NHPI-NHIS 2014
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  3. aReferent: More than high-school; other marital status (widowed, divorced or separated, never married); ≥400% FPL; insured; no usual source of care; did not use eHealth; No CD; poor-fair health)