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Table 1 Describing NHPIs’ Health Services Use based on Andersen’s Model

From: Frequency and predictors of health services use by Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders: evidence from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey

n = 2172 Percentages or Meansa 95% Confidence Intervals or standard errors
Health care utilization: Outcomes
ED/ER visits
 Non-Users 816 791–839
 Single-users (1 visit/yr) 114 96–135
 Multiple-users (≥2 visits/yr) 70 59–84
Outpatient services
 Non-Users 266 240–293
 Occasional-users (1–3 visits/yr) 461 428–494
 Moderate-users (4–9 visits/yr) 170 149–193
 Frequent-users (≥10 visits/yr) 104 85–126
Predisposing factors
Age (mean) 408 399–417
Females 502 462–542
Education level
 Less than high school 102 80–130
 High-school/GED 396 361–433
 High-school or more 502 470–538
Married; living with a partner (yes) 607 575–639
Unemployed 331 285–380
Born in the US (yes) 705 669–739
Enabling factors
Poverty level
 < 100% FPL 159 129–195
 100–199% FPL 241 214–271
 200–399% FPL 298 265–333
 ≥ 400% FPL 302 283–322
Uninsured (yes) 62 45–80
Usual source of routine/preventive care (yes) 874 849–896
Use eHealth information (yes) 193 170–219
Ability to afford health care (mean, standard error) 0.3 0.02
Neighborhood social support (mean, standard error) 12.4 3.1
Barriers to health care access (mean, standard error) 0.1 0.02
Needs
Evaluated needs (number of CDs)
 0 397 359–437
 1 239 213–267
 ≥ 2 364 339–389
Perceived needs (Health Status)
 Poor-Fair 137 123–151
 Good 283 251–317
 Very good 300 268–333
 Excellent 280 239–326
  1. Source: NHPI-NHIS2014
  2. aWeighted means and percentages. Valid estimates do not account for missing data