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Table 3 Healthcare workers’ characteristics associated with non-disclosure of HIV status to children (N = 168)

From: Healthcare workers’ perspectives and practices regarding the disclosure of HIV status to children in Malawi: a cross-sectional study

Variable Disclosed n (%) Not Disclosed n (%) uOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Region
 South 50 (69) 31 (31) 1.0  
 Central 33 (59) 15 (41) 1.5 (0.6–3.7)  
 North 23 (62) 16 (38) 1.4 (0.6–2.9)  
Age
 21–30 36 (60) 24 (40) 1.8 (0.8–3.9)  
 31–40 33 (58) 24 (42) 1.9 (0.9–4.3)  
 > 40 years 37 (72) 14 (28) 1.0  
Profession
 Counsellor 35 (71) 14 (29) 1.0 1.0
 Clinical officer 27 (69) 12 (31) 1.1 (0.4–2.9) 0.9 (0.3–2.7)
 Nurse Technician 36 (64) 20 (36) 1.4 (0.6–3.2) 0.9 (0.3–2.3)
 Registered Nurse 8 (33) 16 (67) 5.0 (1.7–14.3)** 2.6 (0.8–8.8)
Years of working in ART clinic
 0–1 year 17 (42) 23 (58) 3.0 (1.3–6.8)* 1.4 (0.5–3.6)
 2 to 3 years 47 (70) 20 (30) 0.9 (0.4–2.0) 0.7 (0.3–1.6)
 ≥ 4 years 42 (69) 19 (31) 1.0 1.0
Gender
 Female 48 (56) 38 (44) 1.9 (1.1–3.6)* 2.4 (1.1–5.5)*
 Male 58 (71) 24 (29) 1.0  
Received in-service disclosure training
 Yes 39 (44) 50 (56) 1.0 1.0
 No 67 (85) 12 (15) 7.2 (3.4–10.1)*** 7.7 (3.4–10.7)***
  1. uOR unadjusted odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
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