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Table 1 Healthcare workers’ socio-demographic characteristics and disclosure of HIV status to children (N = 168)

From: Healthcare workers’ perspectives and practices regarding the disclosure of HIV status to children in Malawi: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic n (%)
 Level of health facility
  District hospital 153 (91)
  Central hospital 15 (9)
 Age
  21–30 60 (36)
  31–40 57(34)
  > 40 years 51(30)
 Profession
  Nurse technician 56 (34)
  Registered nurse 24 (14)
  Counsellor 49 (29)
  Clinical officer 39 (23)
 Years of working in ART clinic
  0–1 40 (24)
  2–3 67 (40)
  ≥ 4 years 61(36)
 Region
  Central 48 (29)
  North 39 (23)
  South 81 (48)
 Gender
  Female 86 (51)
  Male 82 (49)
Disclosure of HIV status to children
 Necessary to disclose to children
  Yes 165 (98)
  No 3 (2)
 Ever disclosed HIV to a child
  Yes 106 (63)
  No 62 (37)
 Prepared the child prior to disclosure
  Yes 102 (96)
  No 4 (4)
 Provided follow-up care to the child after disclosure
  Yes 94 (89)
  No 12 (11)
 Duration of the disclosure process
  One occasion only 15 (14)
  2–3 occasions 33 (31)
  4–6 occasions 6 (6)
  Over 6 occasions 52 (49)
 Best age for HIV disclosure
  < 6 years 12 (7)
  6–12 years 101 (60)
  ≥ 13 years 51 (31)
  I don’t know 4 (2)
 Best person to disclose HIV to a child
  Primary caregiver 37 (22)
  Healthcare worker 37 (22)
  Primary caregiver and healthcare worker 94 (56)
 Rate of HIV disclosure to children at the facility
  0–25% 86 (51)
  26–55% 42 (25)
  Above 55% 40 (24)
 Received in-service disclosure training
  Yes 79 (47)
  No 89 (53)
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