Skip to main content

Table 1 Definitions: Context, Mechanism, Outcome Configuration (CMOC)

From: Team interventions in acute hospital contexts: a systematic search of the literature using realist synthesis

Context (C) The conditions in which the programme/intervention is introduced - the enablers/ facilitators/ detractors of teamwork.
Mechanism (M) The process of how the participant interprets and acts upon the intervention stratagem.
How any one of the components of teamwork brings about change.
How the resources on offer permeate into the reasoning of team participants.
Outcome (O) The intended and un-intended consequences of teamwork. Because of the variation in context and mechanisms, there are likely to be different outcomes from teamwork.
Configuration (CMOC) The patterns and variations in patterns of teamwork.