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Table 1 Numbers (frequencies) of GEMS and HEMS employees undertaking some training in and assessment of the seven NTSs during 2015; Fisher’s exact test proving statistically significant differences

From: A comparative study on the frequency of simulation-based training and assessment of non-technical skills in the Norwegian ground ambulance services and helicopter emergency medical services

Question category NTS category GEMS (n = 998) HEMS (n = 109) p-value
  Decision-making 624 (62.5%) 90 (82.6%) < 0,001
Simulation-based training of NTSs Leadership 599 (60.0%) 80 (73.4%) 0,007
Communication 693 (69.4%) 88 (80.7%) 0,015
Situation awareness 652 (65.6%) 87 (79.8%) 0,003
Teamwork 739 (74.0%) 93 (85.3%) 0,010
Managing stress 457 (45.8%) 77 (70.6%) < 0,001
Coping with fatigue 226 (22.6%) 48 (44.0%) < 0,001
Assessment of NTSs Decision-making 529 (53.0%) 78 (71.6%) < 0,001
Leadership 508 (50.9%) 74 (67.9%) < 0,001
Communication 539 (54.0%) 76 (69.7%) 0,002
Situation awareness 521 (52.2%) 74 (67,9%) 0,002
Teamwork 563 (56.4%) 81 (74.3%) < 0,001
Managing stress 398 (39.9%) 66 (60.6%) < 0,001
Coping with fatigue 199 (19.9%) 46 (42.2%) < 0,001
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