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Table 6 Results for high intensity exercise vs low intensity exercise

From: Exercise in the treatment of clinical anxiety in general practice – a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Mean (SD) Total Mean (SD) Total Std Mean Difference Outcome
Broman-Fulks,2004 [43] 25.03 (9.71) 29 28.56 (6.01) 25 −0.42(−0.96,0.12) High intensity exercise led to more rapid reductions in anxiety sensitivity than low intensity exercise
Sexton, 1989 [44] 41.2 (11.3) 17 46.2 (12.0) 23 −0.42(−1.05,0.22) Both jogging and walking led to a reduction in anxiety. Jogging led to a greater reduction than walking but this was not statistically significant.
Steptoe, 1989 [45] 42.3 (11.5) 17 46.5 (9.1) 16 −0.39 [−1.08, 0.30] The moderate exercise led to greater reductions in anxiety than the low intensity attention placebo group.
Gaudlitz, 2015 [46] 11.9 (7.1) 24 14.3 (9.4) 23 −0.29 [− 0.86, 0.29] Higher Intensity Exercise and Low Intensity exercise both led to a reduction in anxiety scores. There was further improvement of anxiety over time with a medium-sized effect in the endurance training group, but not in the control group.
Martinsen et al 1989 [42]   36   43   At the end of the study both groups had achieved significant reductions in scores compared with admission values The differences between groups were small and not statistically significant P > 0.1