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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics of Mechanisms and Outcomes

From: Developing a realist theory of psychosocial rehabilitation: the Clubhouse model

  VAS Measurea M SD 95% Confidence Interval Response Range
Mechanism Acceptance, equality, and non-judgment 80.1 20.7 [76.83, 83.34] 0–100
  Dignity and self-worth 77.3 21.5 [73.88, 80.65] 1–100
  Reduced experience of stigma 83 20.1 [79.78, 86.15] 10–100
  Independence and self-efficacy 81 19.8 [77.79, 84.04] 8–100
  Relationship to others and reduced isolation 74 23.8 [70.02, 77.63] 0–100
  Sense of connection and belonging 79 21.9 [75.20, 82.24] 0–100
Outcome      
  Feeling better and at peace 74 23 [70.31, 77.55] 0–100
  Personhood 83 18.9 [80.00, 85.93] 0–100
  Skills Acquired 75 23.6 [71.53, 79.05] 0–100
  1. aVAS scale values ranged from 0 to 100