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Table 3 Changes in health care financing in Turkey, 1995–2011

From: Estimating technical efficiency of Turkish hospitals: implications for hospital reform initiatives

Indicator 1995–2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1 Total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product 4.13 5.16 5.36 5.34 5.37 5.45 5.81 6.04 6.07 6.75 6.67 6.66
2 General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure 10.52 9.54 9.07 9.73 10.75 11.28 11.95 12.13 12.79 12.79 12.79 12.79
3 General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health 67.85 68.07 70.68 71.92 71.25 67.84 68.34 67.83 73.02 75.14 74.79 74.94
4 Private expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health 32.15 31.93 29.32 28.08 28.75 32.16 31.66 32.17 26.98 24.86 25.21 25.06
5 External resources for health as a percentage of total expenditure on health 0.80 0.27 0.01 0.12 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.09 0.07 0.01 0.00 ..
6 Out-of-pocket expenditure as a percentage of private expenditure on health 91.42 71.55 67.68 65.75 66.91 70.78 69.4 67.82 64.41 64.41 64.41 64.41
7 Private prepaid plans as a percentage of private expenditure on health .. .. .. .. 5.63 5.91 5.99 6.11 7.31 7.31 7.31 7.31
8 Social security expenditure on health as a percentage of general government expenditure on health 43.55 54.46 57.51 59.91 60.85 56.08 56.63 54.44 57.04 57.04 57.04 57.04
  1. Source: WHO [4]
  2. “..”: data not available