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Table 1 Percentage distribution and 95% confidence intervals of sample sociodemographic characteristics by place of delivery

From: Why not? Understanding the spatial clustering of private facility-based delivery and financial reasons for homebirths in Nigeria

  Number of most recent births Place of delivery
Outside of a health facility Public health facility Private Health facility
N proportion 20,467 12,818 5100 2620
(100) 62.6 (59.8,65.3) 23.8 (22.0,25.6) 13.6 (11.9,15.5)
Area of residence Urban 6790 36.8 (32.6,41.2) 36.3 (33.5,36.3) 26.9 (23.2,30.8)
Rural 13,402 76.9 (74.2,79.4) 16.8 (15.0,18.8) 6.3 (5.2,7.7)
Wealth quintile Poorest 4379 93.8 (92.4,95.0) 5.0 (4.1,6.1) 1.2 (0.8,1.9)
Poorer 4603 81.8 (79.2,84.1) 13.4 (11.7,15.3) 4.8 (3.7,6.2)
Middle 4069 62.2 (58.7,65.5) 26.6 (24.0,29.3) 11.3 (9.4,13.4)
Richer 3798 42.5 (38.9,46.1) 39.4 (36.5,42.3) 18.2 (15.7,20.9)
Richest 3343 18.6 (16.2,21.3) 42.5 (38.7,46.3) 38.9 (34.3,43.7)
Maternal education No education 9171 88.0 (86.4,89.5) 10.2 (8.9,11.6) 1.8 (1.4,2.3)
Primary 4113 57.1 (54.0,60.3) 27.5 (25.2,29.9) 15.4 (13.4,17.6)
Secondary 5565 33.8 (31.1,36.5) 39.0 (36.4,41.6) 27.2 (24.0,30.7)
Higher 1343 8.3 (8.3,10.7) 51.3 (46.7,55.9) 40.4 (35.5,45.5)
Health insurance Yes 363 14.7 (10.4,20.4) 50.6 (43.8,57.4) 34.7 (27.8,42.3)
No 19,829 63.4 (60.6,66.1) 23.3 (21.6,25.1) 13.3 (11.6,15.1)
Parity First birth 3624 51.7 (48.3,55.0) 31.4 (28.9,34.0) 16.9 (14.6,19.5)
Higher order birth(s) 16,568 65.0 (62.2,67.7) 22.1 (20.4,23.9) 12.9 (11.3,14.7)
Geopolitical zones North Central 3095 53.0 (47.4,58.5) 31.3 (27.7,35.2) 15.7 (12.7,19.3)
North East 4001 79.5 (74.9,83.4) 19.2 (15.5,23.5) 1.3 (0.8,2.1)
North West 6206 87.2 (84.1,89.8) 12.3 (9.8,15.2) 0.5 (0.3,1.1)
South East 1724 21.5 (17.0,26.8) 33.7 (28.9,38.9) 44.8 (38.4,51.4)
South South 2500 49.2 (44.1,54.4) 36.6 (32.6,40.7) 14.2 (10.8,18.3)
South West 2666 23.8 (19.3,29.0) 23.8 (31.9,40.6) 40.1 (35.2,45.1)
Age at birth Mean (interquartile range) 29.42 (29.2,29.6)    
Self-reported financial barrier to deliver in a health facility 9.1 (8.9,10.5) Not applicable Not applicable