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Table 3 Descriptive data on subscales and complete PACIC scale (Study sample; n = 2681)

From: Patients’ assessment of chronic illness care: a validation study among patients with type 2 diabetes in Finland

Scale Missing % Floor/Ceilinga % Mean (SD) (range 1–5) Median (range 1–5) IQRc
Patient activation (3 items; no missing items allowed) 1.5 17.2/4.7 2.54 (1.21) 2.3 1.7–3.3
Delivery system design/decision support (3 items; no missing items allowed) 1.5 5.7/5.3 3.12 (1.06) 3.3 2.3–4.0
Goal setting/tailoring (5 items; 1 missing item allowed) 0 12.7/0.6 2.25 (0.93) 2.2 1.4–2.8
Problem solving/contextual (4 items; 1 missing item allowed) 0.4 20.2/2.6 2.29 (1.10) 2.0 1.3–3.0
Follow up/coordination (5 items; 1 missing item allowed) 0.1 24.9/0.3 1.79 (0.76) 1.6 1.2–2.2
PACIC total score (20 items; 3 missing items allowed) 0.1 2.8/0.1 (17.8/0.9b) 2.32 (0.84) 2.3 1.7–2.9
  1. aFloor and ceiling effects = percent of respondents attaining minimum or maximum scores (1/5)
  2. bFloor and ceiling effects = percent of respondents attaining PACIC total scores < 1.5/> 4.5
  3. cInterquartile range (IQR) = first to third quartile
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