Skip to main content

Table 4 Organizational Influencing Factors and Elements in PC and PH Collaboration: Comparison between Study Results and Scoping Review Results [12]

From: Organizational factors influencing successful primary care and public health collaboration

Organizational Level Influencing Factors Elements of Each Factor from this Study Comparable Scoping Review Results
(Factors and related descriptors)
1. Clear Mandates Vision and Goals • Clear mandate for collaboration
• Congruent focus
• Formal agreements
• Organizational structures that enable collaboration
• Role delineation
Lack of a common agenda
• Lack of a common agenda or vision
• Different focus
• Lack of joint planning
Leadership, management and accountability issues
• Contractual agreements
• Designated staff supporting collaboration
• Supportive job descriptions
2. Strategic Coordination and Communication Mechanisms between Partners • Formalized communication processes
• Strategic plan development by partners
• Coordinated clinical and administrative services
• Exchange of client/health information
Shared protocols, tools and information sharing
• Shared standardized information systems
• Shared protocols re: practice, quality assurance, data collection and dissemination
3. Formal Organizational Leaders as Collaborative Champions • Ability to move towards a common goal
• Leadership buy-in to collaboration
• Transformative leadership qualities and skills
Leadership, management and accountability issues
• Change management
• Optimal functioning of healthcare providers
• Stable, diverse teams
• Management training for supporting collaborative teams
4. Collaborative Organizational Culture • Valuing the work of the other sector
• Organizational readiness for collaboration
• Avoiding turf protection
Lack of a common agenda
• Lack of organizational support
• Differences in organizational culture
• Devaluing PH activities
5. Optimal Use of Resources • Investment of resources to initiate and maintain collaboration
• Funding mechanisms
• Geographic proximity of partners
• Time for working on collaboration
Knowledge and resource limitations
• Financial Resources
• Space limitations
• Lack of time for collaboration
Geographic proximity of partners
• Co-location to facilitate communication, information exchange, trust
6. Optimal Use of Human resources • Matched professional skills to needs
• Professionals work to optimal scope of practice
• Organizational mandates enable working to optimal scope of practice
• Flexible, accommodating application of skill sets
Knowledge and resource limitations
• Human Resources
• Needs assessment skills in PH
Leadership, management and accountability
• Optimal functioning of healthcare providers
• Stable, diverse teams
• Administrative support
7. Collaborative Approaches to Programs and Services Delivery • Engaged community
• Client-centred approach
• Inter-professional teams,
• Integrated or coordinated programs and services between public health and primary care
Leadership, management and accountability issues
• Community based committees with diverse membership
• Community engagement
• Involvement of multiple professionals