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Table 1 Overview of different types of contracting

From: Internal contracting of health services in Cambodia: drivers for change and lessons learned after a decade of external contracting

External contracting: Contracting out An external service provider is engaged through a contract to provide services with maximum control over the resources and how services should be delivered
External contracting: Contracting in An external service provider is brought in to manage and operate service provision institutions with some control over resources and services arrangements
Internal contracting Internal contracting is a form of relational contracting whereby responsibility is delegated to peripheral units under the same legal entity e.g. governments contract with public providers i.e. with autonomous institutions which remain under public ownership