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Table 2 Emergent themes

From: Resilience, trust, and civic engagement in the post-CCSVI era

Themes and sub-themes Description
Grasping onto hope
 Initial hopes
 Disappointment
Initial hopes and subsequent disappointment about chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency research in the multiple sclerosis community
Costs of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency research
 Medical adverse events
 Divestment of research funds
 Limited efficacy
 Translational delays
Adverse implications of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency research
Enduring optimism
 Caution in the wake of disappointment
 Forging onward with stem cell research
Retained optimism and continued support for stem cell research to address multiple sclerosis
Lessons learned Knowledge gleaned from the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency experience that may shape future scientific endeavours
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