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Table 1 A selection of demographic indices and measures of obstetric care capacity

From: The spillover effect of midwife attrition from the Nigerian midwives service scheme

Demographic indices National Northern zones Southern zones
 Population size (2006) [35] 140 71 69
 Number of women aged 15 – 49 years (million) [17, 35] 35 20 15
 Number of women aged 15 – 49 years in rural areas (million) [17, 35] 21 15 6
 Number of women aged 15 – 49 years in urban areas (million) [17, 35] 14 5 9
 Prevalence of pregnancy in women aged 15 – 49 years (%) [17] 12 14 8
Distribution of midwives before the Midwives Service Scheme
 Total number of midwives [36, 37] a, b 89,000 37,000 52,000
 Number of midwives in rural areas [38] a, b, c 30,000 12,000 18,000
 Number of midwives in urban areas [38] a, b, c 59,000 25,000 34,000
 Number of midwives per 100,000 population [36] b 68 52 75
 Nurses & midwives per 100,000 population in rural public sector clinics [39] 64
 Nurses & midwives per 100,000 population in rural private sector clinics [39] 24
 Nurses & midwives per 100,000 population in urban public sector clinics [39] 121
 Nurses & midwives per 100,000 population in urban private sector clinics [39] 63
 Annual number of graduating nurses and midwives [40] 5500 NA NA
Some measures of primary care clinics’ capacity (rural and urban) [12]
 Can always provide emergency obstetric care (%) 41
 Can administer injectable antibiotics (%) 79
 Can diagnose and treat eclampsia (%) 23
 Can conduct assisted vaginal delivery (%) 10
 Can diagnose and treat severe shock (%) 36
 Can safely transfuse blood (%) 20
 Can conduct Caesarian section (%) 12
 Has at least one doctor that is constantly available (%) 20
 Has at least one nurse/midwife that is constantly available (%) 48
 Has at least one obstetrician that is constantly available (%) 8
 Has at least one anesthesiologist that is constantly available (%) 7
 Has an ambulance for transporting pregnant women to referral clinics (%) 5
 Has at least one labor ward (%) 79
 Has at least one delivery room (%) 74
 Has at least one functional operating room (%) 16
 Receives uninterrupted electricity supply whenever there are obstetric emergencies (%) 15
  1. NA, not applicable
  2. a – Estimates are rounded to the nearest thousand
  3. b – The zonal distribution (or densities) of midwives are plausible estimates
  4. c – The national distribution of midwives are plausible estimates