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Table 2 Variables associated with depression and AUD

From: Prevalence and correlates of depression and alcohol use disorder among adults attending primary health care services in Nepal: a cross sectional study

   Likelihood of Depression Likelihood of AUD
Variables N Adjusted RR (95% CI) P value Adjusted RR (95% CI) P value
Sex
 Male (Ref) 504 1 1
 Female 970 1.48 (1.11–1.99) 0.009 0.49 (0.26–0.91) 0.000
Age
 Up to 24 (Ref) 250 1 1
 25–59 1034 1.13 (0.71–1.78) 0.605 1.84 (0.72–0.72) 0.205
 60 and above 190 1.05 (0.61–1.82) 0.858 1.19 (0.42–3.38) 0.747
Education
 Not schooling (Ref) 235 1 1
 Literate/less than primary 295 0.62 (0.46–0.82) 0.001 0.70 (0.41–1.19) 0.186
 Primary 312 0.36 (0.25–0.53) 0.000 0.63 (0.38–1.04) 0.069
 Secondary 546 0.39 (0.27–0.55) 0.000 0.48 (0.28–0.82) 0.007
 College /University 86 0.28 (0.12–0.66) 0.004 0.27 (0.07–1.11) 0.069
Marital status
 Single (Ref) 126 1 −/− 1
 Married 1245 0.87 (0.46–1.64) 0.666 1.14 (0.41–3.18) 0.807
 Others (widow/divorced/separated) 103 1.22 (0.58–2.53) 0.600 1.39 (0.43–4.51) 0.586
Caste/Ethnicity
 Brahman/Chhetri (Ref) 723 1 1
 Janajati 327 0.98 (0.67–1.41) 0.896 1.77 (0.93–3.35) 0.080
 Dalit 349 1.22 (0.93–0.61) 0.147 2.99 (1.82–4.91) 0.000
 Others 75 0.85 (0.49–1.49) 0.571 0.04 (0.37–2.91) 0.937
Religion
 Hindu (Ref) 1249 1 1
 Buddhist 179 0.78 (0.48–1.26) 0.307 2.08 (1.20–3.61) 0.009
 Others 46 0.68 (0.37–1.27) 0.231 0.24 (0.04–1.44) 0.119
Occupation
 Agriculture (Ref) 906 1 1
 Service/Business 150 1.00 (0.63–1.58) 0.994 1.22 (0.72–2.06) 0.454
 Unemployed 111 1.01(0.73–1.41) 0.930 1.50 (0.79–2.87) 0.218
 Others 307 1.72 (1.22–2.41) 0.002 2.11 (1.37–3.24) 0.001
Number of family members
 1–4 (Ref) 575 1 1
 5–7 685 0.88 (0.69–1.12) 0.311 1.07 (0.73–1.56) 0.727
 More than 7 people 214 0.92 (0.57–1.30) 0.637 1.29 (0.85–1.96) 0.238
Family income sufficient to manage foods for the period of
 Up to Six months (Ref) 122 1 1
 6–9 months 248 0.88 (0.62–1.25) 0.474 1.25 (0.69–2.28) 0.467
 9–12 months or more 1104 0.60 (0.44–0.83) 0.001 1.23 (0.55–2.14) 0.458