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Table 4 Characteristics of patients referred (Yes) not referred (No)to lifestyle service*

From: NHS health checks: a cross- sectional observational study on equity of uptake and outcomes

Referred to lifestyle services within eight weeks following NHS Health Checks Maximum N (n = 13,725) Complete cases (n = 12,606)
No Yes Crude OR a No Yes Crude OR a Adjusted OR b 95% CI c p-value d
Age e, n (%)
N 13,038 687 13,733 11,973 633 12,606     
 ≤ 49 years 4608 (35.3) 299 (43.0)   4118 (34.4) 273 (43.1)      <  0.001
 50–59 years 3829 (29.4) 235 (33.8) 0.95 3508 (29.3) 215 (34.0) 0.92 0.79 0.61 1.02  
 60–69 years 3318 (25.4) 118 (17.0) 0.55 3137 (26.2) 104 (16.4) 0.50 0.33 0.25 0.44  
 ≥ 70 years 1283 (9.8) 43 (6.2) 0.52 1210 (10.1) 41 (6.5) 0.51 0.24 0.16 0.36  
Gender, n (%)
N 13,038 695 13,733 11,973 633 12,606     
 Female 6814 (52.3) 459 (66.0)   6303 (52.6) 418 (66.0)      <  0.001
 Male 6224 (47.7) 236 (34.0) 0.56 5670 (47.4) 215 (34.0) 0.57 0.45 0.34 0.59  
National Index of Multiple Deprivation, n (%)
N 13,017 687 13,704 11,973 633 12,606     
 Quintile 1 (least deprived) 1857 (14.3) 48 (7.0)   1803 (15.1) 47 (7.4)      0.015
 Quintile 2 2949 (22.7) 116 (16.9) 1.52 2832 (23.7) 111 (17.5) 1.50 1.45 1.07 1.97  
 Quintile 3 2043 (15.7) 92 (13.4) 1.74 1928 (16.1) 89 (14.1) 1.77 1.67 0.99 2.79  
 Quintile 4 3453 (26.5) 191 (27.8) 2.14 3130 (26.1) 170 (26.9) 2.08 1.87 1.13 3.12  
 Quintile 5 (most deprived) 2715 (20.9) 240 (34.9) 3.42 2280 (19.0) 216 (34.1) 3.63 3.22 1.63 6.36  
Ethnicity, n (%)
N 13,038 695 13,733 11,973 633 12,606     
 White 11,008 (84.4) 604 (86.9)   10,368 (86.6) 561 (88.6)      0.078
 Mixed 359 (2.8) 24 (3.5) 1.22 283 (2.4) 21 (3.3) 1.37 1.09 0.63 1.88  
 Asian or British Asian 502 (3.9) 22 (3.2) 0.80 387 (3.2) 14 (2.2) 0.67 0.47 0.19 1.14  
 Other Black 484 (3.7) 30 (4.3) 1.13 347 (2.9) 24 (3.8) 1.28 0.91 0.44 1.87  
 Other ethnic groups 216 (1.7) 8 (1.2) 0.68 197 (1.6) 7 (1.1) 0.66 0.58 0.23 1.49  
 Not stated 469 (3.6) 7 (1.0) 0.27 391 (3.3) 6 (0.9) 0.28 0.31 0.12 0.76  
QRisk, n (%)
N 11,989 637 12,626 11,973 633 12,606     
 Low 7353 (61.3) 423 (66.4)   7342(61.3) 422 (66.7)      <  0.001
 Medium 3131 (26.1) 142 (22.3) 0.79 3129 (26.1) 141 (22.3) 0.78 1.68 1.38 2.05  
 High 1505 (12.6) 72 (11.3) 0.83 1502 (12.5) 70 (11.1) 0.81 2.77 1.91 4.02  
  1. Notes
  2. *Referred (Yes), or not referred (No, to a lifestyle service within three months following an NHS Heath Check
  3. OR presented for being referred to a lifestyle service after controlling for age, gender IMD, ethnicity and Q-risk score.
  4. a Odds ratios reported from logistic regressions clustered by practice (37 clusters), dependent variable: referred to lifestyle service within three months of attending NHS Health Check
  5. b Adjusted odds ratios reported from logistic regression clustered by practice (37 clusters) for model with age, gender, IMD, ethnicity and QRisk; dependent variable: referred to lifestyle service within three months of attending NHS Health Check
  6. c 95% confidence intervals reported for adjusted odds ratios (model with age, gender, IMD and ethnicity)
  7. d p-values reported for Wald tests in model with age, gender, IMD and ethnicity
  8. e. The NHS Health Check program is not intended for under 40s, however a small number of patients were reported as < 40
  9. Bold data represent absolute totals.