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Table 5 Mean SF-36 scores (SD) estimates for the general population in Sweden and mean RAND-36 scores for the total study population at baseline and follow-up

From: The impact of service and hearing dogs on health-related quality of life and activity level: a Swedish longitudinal intervention study

HRQoL score (n=54) SF-36 General populationa (SD) [15] Baseline (SD) Follow-up (SD) Diff. p-value Cohen's db
PF 87.9 (19.6) 47.8 (32.6) 45.5 (35.1) -2.31 0.329 -0.134
RP 83.2 (31.8) 34.3 (40.1) 50.6 (40.7) 16.36 0.003* 0.423
BP 74.8 (26.1) 55.3 (31.2) 56.3 (30.4) 1.02 0.728 0.048
GH 75.8 (22.2) 46.0 (24.2) 43.1 (22.8) -2.99 0.212 -0.172
VT 68.8 (22.8) 41.0 (25.0) 46.2 (23.5) 5.28 0.051 0.272
SF 88.6 (20.3) 63.4 (27.3) 66.7 (23.8) 3.30 0.352 0.129
RE 85.7 (29.2) 59.3 (41.3) 75.3 (40.0) 16.05 0.013* 0.348
MH 80.9 (18.9) 67.0 (20.2) 71.8 (19.8) 4.83 0.057 0.265
HT   42.1 (25.2) 52.3 (25.4) 10.19 0.020* 0.325
  1. PF Physical Function, RP Role Physical, BP Bodily Pain, GH General Health, VT Vitality, SF Social Function, RE Role Emotional, MH Mental Health, HT Health Transition score. *Statistically significant at a p-value level of 0.05. an=8930. bCohen's d values: Small=0.2-0.5; Medium=0.5-0.8; Large>0.8