Skip to main content

Table 3 Variation between hospitals in the association between hospital quality system development and outcomes for patient safety themes

From: The association between quality system development stage and the implementation of process-level patient safety themes in Dutch hospitals: an observational study

  Intercept-only model Quality system (overall) 1: Policy and strategy 2: Human resource management 3: Patient involvement 4: Practice guidelines 5: Systematic quality improvement
Patient Safety themes Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC Hospital range ICC
Time-out procedure 16–98 35.9 24–96 27.5 22–97 29.4 19–97 33.2 17–98 35.7 20–97 32.6 20–97 32.3
 - Check patient 74–100 38.3 85–100 26.0 83–100 28.4 * * 83-100 28.4 * * 76-100 36.8
 - Check procedure 16–100 51.6 23–100 46.5 20–100 49.0 18–100 50.2 17–100 51.9 18–100 50.7 22–100 47.0
 - Check side/site 79–98 11.6 83–97 7.2 80–98 10.6 80–98 10.6 89–96 1.9 79–98 11.6 79–98 11.4
 - Focus during TOP 18–88 19.8 19–87 18.4 18–88 19.0 18–88 19.8 20–87 17.2 18–89 20.1 18–88 20.1
Contrast- induced nephropathy 22–93 23.1 24–93 21.1 33–90 45.7 22–94 23.3 29–91 17.2 22–94 23.4 22–93 22.7
Pain process indicator 100% 0.4–56 38.9 0.4–55 39.1 0.4–54 38.4 0.4–54 38.9 0.4–52 37.1 0.4–53 37.5 0.4–55 39.0
Medication reconciliation on admission 0.6–96 58.1 0.6–0.96 58.4 0.6–96 58.3 0.5–97 59.4 0.7–95.7 55.9 0.5–97 59.0 0.5–96.8 59.9
Medication reconciliation at discharge 0.1–61 50.7 0.1–56.9 49.1 0.2–47 43.2 0.1–57 49.4 0.1–59 50.9 0.1–52 46.2 0.1–58 49.9
High-Risk Medication 0.8–69 38.9 0.8–68 38.3 0.7–69 39.2 0.9–65 35.9 1.2–60 31.3 0.7–68 38.8 0.7–69 38.9
  1. *there were not enough observations to calculate the associations between Human Resource Management & Practice Guidelines and Check Patient