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Table 4 Short-, medium- and long-term costs and outcomes of the Quit 51 approach modelled using the EQUIPTMOD model [22] based on 35.21 quitters per 1000 smokers

From: An examination of user costs in relation to smokers using a cessation service based in the UK

Metrics Time horizon
2 years 5 years 10 years Lifetime
Average healthcare costs (per smoker) £862 £2091 £3944 £11,608
Average total costs (per smoker)(includes cost of intervention) £957 £2186 £4039 £11,704
Average QALYs (per smoker) 1.57 4.53 6.57 14.81
QALY gains (per 1000)a 1.5 3.7 7.5 23.4
Cost/QALYa £58,736 £19,756 £7582 £402
Benefit-Cost ratioa(healthcare savings only) 0.07 0.16 0.29 0.65
Benefit-Cost ratioa (healthcare savings + QALY gains valued at £20,000/QALY) 0.29 0.73 1.44 4.22
  1. aCompared with a baseline scenario of no intervention