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Table 1 Economic development, poverty and health care financing

From: Selling my sheep to pay for medicines – household priorities and coping strategies in a setting without universal health coverage

  Ethiopia World
Annual GDP growth [12] 9.6% 2.6%
Gini index [16, 51] 33.2 70.5
Population living below the poverty line (<$1.90 a day (2011 PPP) [12] 33.5% 12.7%
Tax revenue (of GDP in 2011) [12] 9.2% 12.9%
OOP expenses for health care covered by households [15] General: 34% Children 48%  
OOP per total health expenditure [5] 42.9% 20.6% (31.3% SSA)
Total health expenditure per GDP [5]
 1995 2.8% 6.0% (4.5% SSA)
 2013 4.7% 7.1% (5.5% SSA)
Total health expenditure per capita 2014 (US$) [5] 27 1061
  1. GDP gross domestic product, PPP purchasing power parity, OOP out-of-pocket, SSA sub-Saharan Africa