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Table 1 The distribution of participants by socio-demographic characteristics and health insurance coverage (N = 4513)

From: Health insurance is important in improving maternal health service utilization in Tanzania—analysis of the 2011/2012 Tanzania HIV/AIDS and malaria indicator survey

Variables Health insurance coverage P-value
Not covered Covered
n % n %
Education:
 No education 984 97.2 28 2.8 ***
 Primary 2730 94.0 174 6.0
 Secondary+ 518 86.8 79 13.2
Age groups:
 15–19 381 96.2 15 3.8  
 20–24 1034 94.3 63 5.7
 25–29 1074 92.8 83 7.2
 30–34 767 93.7 52 6.3
 35–39 626 94.5 49 7.3
 40–44 275 96.2 16 5.5
 45–49 75 93.2 3 3.8
Occupation:
 Unemployed 541 94.6 31 5.4 ***
 Self employed 2958 94.4 175 5.6
 Manual labor 594 94.7 33 5.3
 Employed 139 76.8 42 23.2
Marital Status:
 Never married 290 92.1 25 7.9 **
 Married/living together 3533 93.6 243 6.4
 Divorced/Separated 409 96.9 13 3.1
Area of residence:
 Urban 666 91.5 62 8.5 **
 Rural 3566 94.2 219 5.8
Wealth:
 Poorest 918 96.4 34 3.6 ***
 Poorer 921 94.9 50 5.1
 Middle 907 95.0 48 5.0
 Richer 860 93.7 58 6.3
 Richest 626 87.3 91 12.7
  1. Here *, ** and *** indicate p < 0.05, p < 0.01 and p < 0.001 respectively