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Table 7 Data on health systems characteristics of the 34 countries involved in the study

From: The benefits of co-location in primary care practices: the perspectives of general practitioners and patients in 34 countries

Countries Median number of extra professions in GP practice (apart from GPs) [22] Model of healthcare systema Role of GP as gatekeepera Overall Primary Care system strength [30,31,32,33]
Austria 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No Weak
Belgium 0 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No Strong
Bulgaria 1 Mixed model: tax-funded and social health insurance Yes Weak
Cyprus 6 Mixed model: tax-funded and private insurance No, but planned Weak
Czech Republic 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes, partially Medium
Denmark 2 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
Estonia 2 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes, partially Strong
Finland 7 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes, partially Strong
Germany 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No Medium
Greece 2 Tax-funded (Beveridge) No Weak
Hungary 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes, partially Weak
Iceland 5 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes, partially Weak
Ireland 3 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Weak
Italy 1 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Medium
Latvia 2 Tax-funded, but with high out-of-pocket payments Yes Medium
Lithuania 8 Transitional with National health insurance Yes Strong
Luxembourg 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No Weak
Malta 3 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Weak
Netherlands 3 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes Strong
Norway 1 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Medium
Poland 4 Transitional with National health insurance Yes Medium
Portugal 3 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
Romania 1 Transitional with Social health insurance Yes Medium
Slovakia 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes, partially Weak
Slovenia 4 Transitional with Social health insurance Yes Strong
Spain 6 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
Sweden 5 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes, partially Medium
Switzerland 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No, but planned Medium
Turkey 2 Social health insurance (Bismarck) No Weak
UK (England) 5 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
Australia 4 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
Canada 3 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
New Zealand 4 Tax-funded (Beveridge) Yes Strong
FYR Macedonia 1 Social health insurance (Bismarck) Yes Medium
  1. aThe information were extracted from the last published countries reports “Health Systems in Transition” of European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies