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Table 10 Detailed results of the multilevel models of GP co-location (mono-professional – model 1, multi-professional - model 2, interaction between mono and multi-professional – model 3, details of multi-professional – model 4) and patient experience

From: The benefits of co-location in primary care practices: the perspectives of general practitioners and patients in 34 countries

Multilevel models
(*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001)
Accessibility a, b Continuity of carea, b Comprehensiveness of care a, b
  N. = 60,309 N. = 60,069 N. = 59,851
Empty model Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 85.141*** 1.019 90.439*** 1.723 68.934*** 1.694
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 35.020 8.586 100.427 24.559 96.802 23.721
 GP level 46.587 0.804 72.022 1.438 114.199 1.965
 Patient level 3.376 0.021 103.538 0.635 5.642 0.035
ICC
 Country 41.2%   36.4%   44.7%  
 GP 54.8%   26.1%   52.7%  
  N. = 56,217 N. = 56,049 N. = 55,879
Model only covariates Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 82.920*** 1.011 77.096*** 1.599 65.754*** 1.690
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.441 7.970 79.997 19.598 91.415 22.433
 GP level 44.812 0.788 62.665 1.295 112.172 1.968
 Patient level 3.286 0.021 95.480 0.607 5.605 0.036
ICC
 Country 40.3%   33.6%   43.7%  
 GP 55.6%   26.3%   53.6%  
  N. = 53,951 N. = 53,787 N. = 53,619
MODEL 1 (variable 1) Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 83.261*** 1.037 77.016*** 1.636 65.399*** 1.698
 GP co-located with other GP −0.251 0.212 −0.385 0.276 −0.070 0.341
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.718 8.158 80.441 20.008 87.367 21.790
 GP level 44.408 0.798 64.169 1.353 114.536 2.052
 Patient level 3.232 0.021 97.611 0.634 5.724 0.037
ICC
 Country 40.7%   33.2%   42.1%  
 GP 55.3%   26.5%   55.2%  
  N. = 56,165 N. = 55,998 N. = 55,827
MODEL 2 (variable 2) Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 83.379*** 1.027 77. 974*** 1.620 66.293*** 1.746
 GP co-located with other professional −0.593 0.278 −1.101** 0.357 −0.713 0.440
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.004 7.867 79.720 19.531 90.662 22.556
 GP level 44.898 0.787 62.542 1.293 112.126 1.968
 Patient level 3.286 0.021 95.379 0.607 5.607 0.036
ICC
 Country 40.0%   33.5%   43.5%  
 GP 55.9%   26.3%   53.8%  
  N. = 53,951 N. = 53,787 N. = 53,619
MODEL 3 (interaction) Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 83.727*** 1.057 77.935*** 1.663 66.345*** 1.724
Single-handed GP practice (ref)
 - More GPs without other professionals −0.359 0.366 −0.656 0.476 −0.825 0.587
 - One GP with other professionals − 0.688 0.354 −1.352** 0.460 −1.439* 0.567
 - More GPs with other professionals −0.804* 0.340 −1.433** 0.443 −1.047 0.545
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.312 8.061 80.276 19.940 86.434 21.970
 GP level 44.180 0.797 64.054 1.351 114.423 2.050
 Patient level 3.232 0.021 97.611 0.634 5.724 0.037
ICC
 Country 40.4%   33.2%   41.8%  
 GP 55.5%   26.5%   55.4%  
  N. = 55,251 N. = 55,086 N. = 54,916
MODEL 4 (var 2 details) Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
 Intercept 83.452*** 1.027 78.161*** 1.680 66.322*** 1.731
 GP with nurse −0.563 0.289 −1.386*** 0.370 −0.860 0.456
 GP with other health professional −0.025 0.227 0.286 0.290 −0.067 0.358
 GP with social worker −0.818** 0.304 −0.273 0.388 0.475 0.480
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 31.915 7.825 86.316 21.155 92.273 22.657
 GP level 44.895 0.797 61.916 1.292 112.850 1.980
 Patient level 3.290 0.021 95.114 0.610 5.611 0.036
ICC
 Country 39.8%   35.5%   44.0%  
 GP 56.0%   25.4%   53.3%  
  1. aCovariates patient level: sex, age, education, household income, ethnicity, self-reported health status, main reason for visit, personal GP, chronic conditions
  2. bCovariates GP level: sex, age, urbanisation, involvement in disease management, evening open time for GP practice, urbanisation