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Table 2 Associations between active listing, consultations in primary care and hospitalisation for the population > 15 years of age in Blekinge in 2007 (N = 123,168), adjusting for sex, age, income, education and multimorbidity level

From: Active listing and more consultations in primary care are associated with reduced hospitalisation in a Swedish population

Multivariate binomial model Odds for any hospitalisation Mean days hospitalised
OR (95%CI) Days (95%CI)
Listing status
 Passively listed 1.00   1.32** (1.24–1.40)
 Actively listed 0.69** (0.61–0.77) 0.94** (0.90–0.99)
Consultations, primary care
 0 or 1 consultation 1.00   1.21** (1.13–1.29)
 2 or 3 consultations 0.44** (0.34–0.54) 0.80** (0.75–0.84)
 4 or 5 consultations 0.55** (0.37–0.74) 0.77** (0.72–0.83)
 6 or 7 consultations 0.60** (0.48–0.72) 0.77** (0.66–0.87)
 8 or 9 consultations 0.73* (0.48–0.99) 0.80** (0.51–1.10)
 10- consultations 0.91 (0.63–1.19) 1.06** (0.67–1.46)
Type of practice
 A, private practice 1.00   1.22** (1.16–1.28)
 B, public practice 0.51** (0.39–0.63) 0.98** (0.94–1.01)
Sex
 Women 1.00   0.94** (0.89–0.98)
 Men 1.13** (1.09–1.17) 1.09** (1.03–1.15)
Age
 16–19 years 1.00   0.63** (0.37–0.90)
 20–39 years 2.45** (2.26–2.63) 1.12** (1.01–1.22)
 40–59 years 1.45** (1.27–1.64) 0.77** (0.69–0.86)
 60–79 years 1.52** (1.33–1.71) 0.91** (0.85–0.98)
 80+ years 2.05** (1.88–2.21) 1.39** (1.30–1.47)
Individual income
 First income quartile 1.00   1.10** (1.08–1.13)
 Second income quartile 1.10** (1.06–1.14) 1.15** (1.07–1.22)
 Third income quartile 1.01 (0.84–1.04) 0.84** (0.80–0.87)
 Fourth income quartile 1.02 (0.97–1.08) 0.72** (0.66–0.78)
Education level
 Less than 9 years 1.00   1.03** (1.01–1.07)
 Compulsory 9 years 0.89* (0.79–1.00) 1.12** (1.06–1.18)
 College degree 0.87** (0.61–0.93) 0.97** (0.89–1.06)
 University degree 0.88 (0.72–1.04) 0.97** (0.93–1.01)
Multimorbidity level
 RUB 0 1.00   0.00* (0.00–0.01)
 RUB 1 6.66** (5.95–7.37) 0.40** (0.34–0.45)
 RUB 2 6.50** (5.78–7.23) 0.47** (0.44–0.51)
 RUB 3 8.13** (7.49–8.77) 2.34** (2.12–2.57)
 RUB 4 9.85** (9.21–10.49) 9.21** (8.70–9.84)
 RUB 5 11.13** (10.66–11.60) 24.96** (23.87–26.05)
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; * = p < 0.05, ** = p < 0.01; RUB Resource Utilization Band; Mean days hospitalised = average marginal effects combining both parts of the zero-inflated binomial model