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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Urban-rural disparities in health care utilization among Chinese adults from 1993 to 2011

Variable All Rural Urban P
What did you do when sick?, n (%) 0.000
 Did not pay any attention 957(9.49) 583(10.75) 374(8.03)  
 Self-care 2650(26.29) 1141(21.04) 1509(32.40)  
 Outpatient 5860(58.14) 3398(62.67) 2462(52.87)  
 Inpatient 612(6.07) 300(5.53) 312(6.70)  
Health need variables
How severe was the illness or injury?, n (%) 0.000
 Not severe (Ref.) 4118(40.86) 2256(41.61) 1862(39.98)  
 Somewhat severe 4848(48.10) 2507(46.24) 2341(50.27)  
 Quite severe 1113(11.04) 659(12.15) 454(9.75)  
Diseases history, n (%) 0.000
 No (Ref.) 6547(64.96) 3936(72.59) 2611(56.07)  
 Yes 3532(35.04) 1486(27.41) 2046(43.93)  
Predisposing variables
Age, mean (SD) 55.61(15.45) 54.35(15.20) 57.07(15.62) 0.000
Gender, n (%) 0.001
 Male (Ref.) 4313(42.79) 2236(41.24) 2077(44.60)  
 Female 5766(57.21) 3186(58.76) 2580(55.40)  
Marital status, n (%) 0.001
 Married (Ref.) 8116(80.52) 4433(81.76) 3683(79.09)  
 Others 1963(19.48) 989(18.24) 974(20.91)  
Health enabling variables
Education, mean (SD) 6.44(4.62) 4.99(3.93) 8.14(4.79) 0.000
Income (RMB in 2011 value), mean (SD) 10,221.41 (12,190.99) 7098.18 (9421.41) 13,857.69 (13,919.75) 0.000
Types of medical insurance, n (%) 0.000
 None (Ref.) 3810(37.80) 2360(43.53) 1450(31.14)  
 NCMS 3086(30.62) 2791(51.48) 295(6.33)  
 URBMI 744(7.38) 55(1.01) 689(14.79)  
 UEBMI 1156(11.47) 50(0.92) 1106(23.75)  
 Others 1283(12.73) 166(3.06) 1117(23.99)  
Area (%) 0.000
 Western (Ref.) 2832(28.10) 1832(33.79) 1000(21.47)  
 Central 3009(29.85) 1776(32.76) 1233(26.48)  
 North-eastern 1503(14.91) 792(14.61) 711(15.27)  
 Eastern 2735(27.14) 1022(18.85) 1713(36.78)  
Wave, n (%) 0.000
 1993 (Ref.) 343(3.40) 204(3.76) 139(2.98)  
 1997 656(6.51) 368(6.79) 288(6.18)  
 2000 695(6.90) 367(6.77) 328(7.04)  
 2004 1854(18.39) 1085(20.01) 769(16.51)  
 2006 1551(15.39) 968(17.85) 583(12.52)  
 2009 2094(20.78) 1190(21.95) 904(19.41)  
 2011 2886(28.63) 1240(22.87) 1646(35.34)  
  1. χ2Tests for dichotomous variables and t-tests for continuous variables