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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of hospital and physicians participating in the study

From: Physicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions concerning antibiotic resistance: a survey in a Ghanaian tertiary care hospital

Hospital characteristics Description Number of respondents Percentage
Type of hospital 2000 bed university public teaching hospital 159
Prevalence of infections caused by ESBL-producers [24] Data retrieved  from a cross-sectional study 350 44.3
Prevalence of MRSA infections [31] Data retrieved from a cross-sectional study   3.0
Prevalence of CRE infections Data not published 250 0.3
Prevalence of VRE infections Data not published 100 0
Availability of local antibiotic guidelines No   
Availability of drug and therapeutic committee Yes
Access to microbiologist advice Yes. Mainly through request for clinical consultation, but also some advice by phone; only during working hours
Access to clinical pharmacists advice in KBTH Yes. Mainly through request for clinical consultation, but also some advice by phone; only during working hours
Access to computer-based prescription No   
Hospital departments Surgery 26 16.35
Genitourinary 4 2.51
Medical 45 28.30
Obstetrician and Gynecology 25 15.71
Orthopedics 5 3.14
Paediatrics 37 23.27
Other departmentb 17 10.69
Number of physicians surveyed Of all levels of expertise and training 159 79.50
Age of study participants (mean ± SD)a 159 32.11 ± 6.52 years
Gender of physicians surveyed Male 93 58.49
Female 63 39.6
Level of training among study participants House officers 64 40.25
Medical officers/residents 52 32.70
Senior residents/specialists 33 20.75
Senior specialists /consultants 10 6.28
Years of practice among study participants < 1 year 60 37.77
1–2 years 6 3.77
3–5 years 19 11.90
> 5 years 74 46.54
  1. VRE vancomycin resistant enterococci, CRE carbapenem resistant enterococci, ESBL extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  2. aSD, standard deviation
  3. bOthers include polyclinic (n = 1), neurosurgery (n = 1), not stated (n = 15)