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Table 2 Characteristics of neurological patients discharged to a PAC facility versus patients discharged home

From: Prediction of post-acute care demand in medical and neurological inpatients: diagnostic assessment of the post-acute discharge score – a prospective cohort study

Characteristics of the patients discharged to a PAC facility discharged home P value
  n = 99 n = 365  
Age: mean (SD); median [IQR] 71.2 (14.7); 76 [16] 62.0 (18); 66 [25] <.001a
Number of men (%) 55.6 57.8 0.69b
PACD day-1: mean (SD); median [IQR] 6.8 (4.6); 6 [6] 4.3 (3.9); 3 [4] <.001a
SPI first assessment on ward: mean (SD); median [IQR] 28.1 (9.1); 30 [17]
n = 94
36.5 (5.3); 39 [5]
n = 308
<.001a
Number of active medical problems at admission: mean (SD); median [IQR] 1.7 (0.8); 2 [1] 1.5 (1); 1 [1] < 0.01a
Number of self-reported disabilities in ADL and IADL: mean (SD); median [IQR] 2.1 (3.7); 0 [5]
n = 87
1 (2.7); 0 [0]
n = 315
< 0.01a
Number of patients who live without someone able to provide help (%) 26.3 15.3 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in personal hygiene (%) 18.2 8.8 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in dressing/ undressing (%) 16.2 6.3 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in toileting (%) 12.1 6.3 0.05b
Number of patients who need help in bathing/ personal hygiene (%) 22.2 7.9 <.001b
Number of patients who need help in eating (%) 11.1 4.1 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in walking (%) 15.2 5.2 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in transfer (%) 16.2 4.9 <.001b
Number of patients who need help in travelling by car or public transportation (%) 24.2 11.5 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in shopping (%) 24.2 13.4 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in cooking (%) 22.2 10.4 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in homework (%) 26.3 12.3 < 0.01b
Number of patients who need help in medication (%) 20.2 8.8 < 0.01b
Length of hospital stay: median [IQR] 13.2 (5.4); 13 [5] 5.2 (4.5); 4 [3] <.001a
  1. aMann-Whitney-U-Test
  2. bChi2-Test