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Table 3 Characteristics of Patients with HAF in OMH by Etiology

From: Hospital-acquired fever in oriental medical hospitals

  Total
(n = 560)
Infection
(n = 331)
Non-infection
(n = 179)
p
Demographics
 Age (years) 61.4 ± 15.2 63.7 ± 15.3 58.0 ± 14.7 < 0.001
 Male sex 278 (49.6) 169 (51.1) 81 (45.3) 0.228
Underlying diseases
 Diabets mellitus 141 (25.2) 90 (27.2) 40 (22.3) 0.243
 Hypertension 234 (41.8) 161 (48.6) 60 (33.5) 0.001
 Cerebrovascular accident 251 (44.8) 179 (54.1) 63 (35.2) < 0.001
 Solid cancer 246 (43.9) 109 (32.9) 100 (55.9) < 0.001
 Metastatic cancer 205 (36.6) 88 (26.6) 85 (47.5) < 0.001
Healthcare- associatied conditions
 Receipt of anticancer chemotherapy 113 (20.2) 40 (12.1) 56 (31.3) < 0.001
 Central venous catheter 68 (12.1) 43 (13.0) 21 (11.7) 0.682
 Urinary catheter 111 (19.8) 79 (23.9) 27 (15.1) 0.022
 Percutaneous drainage 68 (12.1) 47 (14.2) 20 (11.2) 0.410
 Previous operation 76 (13.6) 47 (14.2) 21 (11.7) 0.434
 Previous intervention 24 (4.3) 14 (4.2) 9 (5.0) 0.678
 Previous admission 414 (74.0) 250 (75.5) 134 (74.9) 0.867
 Previous antibiotics 128 (22.9) 98 (29.6) 27 (15.1) < 0.001
Concurrent treatment
 Herbal medicine 506 (90.4) 310 (93.7) 161 (89.9) 0.132
 Invasive Oriental medical procedure 532 (95.0) 314 (94.9) 171 (95.5) 0.739
 Acupuncture 502 (89.6) 302 (91.2) 161 (89.9) 0.630
 Cupping 97 (17.3) 56 (17.0) 35 (19.6) 0.468
 Moxibustion 417 (74.5) 242 (73.3) 138 (77.1) 0.352
SIRSa (severe or shock) 47 (8.4) 28 (8.5) 14 (7.8) 0.788
Laboratory findings at the onset of fever
 White Blood Cell(/mm3) 9550 (100–32,500) 10,400 (800–32,500) 7000 (100–24,000) < 0.001
 Neutropenia (WBC < 1000/mm3) 5 (0.9) 3 (1.0) 2 (1.3) 0.662
 C-reactive protein 5.3 (0.0–39.7) 5.4 (0.0–39.7) 4.2 (0.0–22.5) 0.767
Fever pattern
 Peak body temperature (°C) 38.5 ± 0.6 38.6 ± 0.6 38.4 ± 0.6 0.151
 Duration of fever 1.0 (0.0–18.0) 1.0 (0.0–18.0) 1.0 (0.0–17.0) 0.263
 No defervescence 43 (7.7) 23 (6.9) 12 (6.7) 0.917
  1. aSIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome