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Table 2 Distribution of source of information about the new prescription drug according to characteristics and knowledge of patients

From: Information about management of chronic drug therapies prescribed at hospital discharge: does it affect patients’ knowledge and self-confidence?

Characteristic    Hospital physician Discharge form
  N(530) % N % N %
Sex
 Male 302 57 188 62.2 114 37.8
 Female 228 43 171 75 57 25
   χ2 = 9.66, 1 df, p = 0.002
Age
 Mean ± SD 63.3 ± 13.7 62.9 ± 13.9 64.1 ± 13.3
   t = 0.87, 528 df, p = 0.387
Marital status
 Married 410 77.4 278 67.8 132 32.2
 Other 120 22.6 81 67.5 39 32.5
    χ2 = 0.004, 1 df, p = 0.950
Education level, years of schooling
 None 53 10 32 60.4 21 39.6
 5 166 31.3 115 69.3 51 30.7
 8 183 34.5 120 65.6 63 34.4
  ≥ 13 128 24.2 92 71.9 36 28.1
   χ2 = 2.88, 3 df, p = 0.410
Working activity
 Unemployed/ Retired 407 76.8 273 67.1 134 32.9
 Artisan/lower managerial 69 13 46 66.7 23 33.3
 High professional and managerial 54 10.2 40 74.1 14 25.9
   χ2 = 1.11, 2 df, p = 0.574
Living condition
 Alone 40 7.5 28 70 12 30
 Other 490 92.5 331 67.5 159 32.5
   χ2 = 0.1, 1 df, p = 0.750
Academic hospital
 Yes 296 55.8 242 81.8 54 18.2
 No 234 44.2 117 50 117 50
   χ2 = 60.31, 1 df, = < 0.001
Discharge ward
 General medicine 161 30.4 111 68.9 50 31.1
 Specialistic care 369 69.6 248 67.2 121 32.8
   χ2 = 0.15, 1 df, p = 0.694
Number of new prescription drugs
 1 197 37.2 145 73.6 52 26.4
  > 1 333 62.8 214 64.3 119 35.7
    χ2 = 4.94, 1 df, p = 0.026
Reported behavior about mode of administration of the new drug
 Correct 527 100.0     
 Not correct 0     
Reported behaviour about time of administration of new drug
 Correct 479 99.8     
 Not correct 1 0.2     
Knowledge about duration of treatment
 Correct 348 96.7 254 73 94 27
 Not correct 12 3.3 4 33.3 8 66.7
   χ2 = 8.98, 1 df, p = 0.003
Knowledge about behavior in case of having forgotten medication intake
 Yes 163 30.8 123 75.5 40 24.5
 No 367 69.2 236 64.3 131 35.7
   χ2 = 6.43, 1 df, p = 0.011
Knowledge about behaviour in case of having taken the wrong dose of medication
 Yes 127 24 100 78.7 27 21.3
 No 403 76 259 64.3 144 35.7
   χ2 = 9.25, 1 df, p = 0.002
Knowledge about possible side effects
 Yes 45 8.5 33 73.3 12 26.7
 No 485 91.5 326 67.2 159 32.8
   χ2 = 0.71, 1 df, p = 0.401
Favourite person to contact in case of doubt about therapy
PCP 291 54.9 173 59.4 118 40.6
 Hospital specialist 205 38.7 167 81.5 38 18.5
 Private specialist 34 6.4 19 55.9 15 44.1
   χ2 = 29, 2 df, p = < 0.001
Need for more information about the new medication
 Yes 220 41.5 117 53.2 103 46.8
 No 310 58.5 242 78.1 68 21.9
   χ2 = 36.45, 1 df, p < 0.001
  1. The numbers that do not add to 530 are due to missing data for the variable