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Table 4 Associations between key characteristics and abnormal findings in families of Indigenous children aged 3–59 months

From: Quality of social and emotional wellbeing services for families of young Indigenous children attending primary care centers; a cross sectional analysis

   Problems with domestic environment Problems with family and financial support Problems with housing condition and food security
Number of client records Number with problems n (%) OR (95% CI) aORa (95% CI) Number with problems n (%) OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) Number with problems n (%) OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Total 2466 111 (4.5%)    63 (2.6%)    80 (3.2%)   
Child characteristics
Age of child
 3-11 m 609 25 (4.1%) 0.88 (0.52,1.49) 0.88 (0.53,1.47) 13 (2.1%) 0.77 (0.36,1.62) 0.77 (0.38,1.58) 18 (3.0%) 0.96 (0.52,1.78) 0.97 (0.53,1.78)
 12-23 m 532 30 (5.6%) 1.28 (0.80,2.03) 1.29 (0.80,2.07) 21 (3.9%) 1.66 (0.95,2.88) 1.64 (0.95,2.83) 22 (4.1%) 1.34 (0.84,2.13) 1.34 (0.84,2.13)
 24-59 m 1325 56 (4.2%) 1.00 1.00 29 (2.2%) 1.00 1.00 40 (3.0%) 1.00 1.00
Sex of child
 Male 1249 58 (4.6%) 1.00 1.00 28 (2.2%) 1.00 1.00 42 (3.4%) 1.00 1.00
 Female 1217 53 (4.4%) 0.94 (0.67,1.32) 0.94 (0.67,1.32) 35 (2.9%) 1.28 (0.72,2.27) 1.27 (0.73,2.21) 38 (3.1%) 0.97 (0.52,1.80) 0.96 (0.52,1.79)
Type of child health check completed in the last 12 months
 MBS 715 999 55 (5.5%) 1.00 1.00 30 (3.0%) 1.00 1.00 38 (3.8%) 1.00 1.00
 Other child health check 648 32 (4.9%) 0.94 (0.52,1.70) 1.00 (0.57,1.76) 18 (2.8%) 0.84 (0.42,1.69) 0.83 (0.41,1.66) 23 (3.5%) 0.79 (0.38,1.63) 0.81 (0.41,1.59)
 Not known / not recorded 819 24 (2.9%) 0.56 (0.33,0.97) 0.58 (0.34,0.98) 15 (1.8%) 0.63 (0.32,1.24) 0.58 (0.32,1.06) 19 (2.3%) 0.72 (0.42,1.22) 0.70 (0.42,1.16)
Reason for last clinic attendance
 Acute care 1200 60 (5.0%) 1.26 (0.76,2.08) 1.26 (0.77,2.07) 29 (2.4%) 1.44 (0.73,2.81) 1.44 (0.76,2.74) 38 (3.2%) 1.50 (0.80,2.80) 1.49 (0.80,2.77)
 Vaccination 366 12 (3.3%) 0.82 (0.42,1.63) 0.81 (0.42,1.56) 11 (3.0%) 1.63 (0.61,4.40) 1.54 (0.59,4.00) 11 (3.0%) 1.69 (0.71,4.03) 1.71 (0.72,4.03)
 Child health check 577 21 (3.6%) 1.00 1.00 9 (1.6%) 1.00 1.00 11 (1.9%) 1.00 1.00
 Other 323 18 (5.6%) 1.25 (0.62,2.51) 1.34 (0.66,2.73) 14 (4.3%) 2.01 (0.89,4.54) 2.01 (0.91,4.45) 20 (6.2%) 2.53 (1.13,5.70) 2.43 (1.08,5.48)
Health service characteristics
Geographic location
 Remote 2010 86 (4.3%) 1.00 1.00 45 (2.2%) 1.00 1.00 69 (3.4%) 1.00 1.00
 Non remote 456 25 (5.5%) 1.52 (0.74,3.10) 1.47 (0.51,4.18) 18 (3.9%) 2.52 (1.09,5.81) 1.92 (0.63,5.86) 11 (2.4%) 0.64 (0.26,1.56) 0.51 (0.20,1.32)
CQI participation (number of audits)
 1 410 19 (4.6%) 1.00 1.00 22 (5.4%) 1.00 1.00 23 (5.6%) 1.00 1.00
 2 569 17 (3.0%) 0.63 (0.26,1.52) 0.81 (0.25,2.62) 7 (1.2%) 0.21 (0.09,0.50) 0.25 (0.09,0.71) 12 (2.1%) 0.38 (0.13,1.10) 0.27 (0.09,0.76)
  > = 3 1487 75 (5.0%) 1.20 (0.54,2.65) 1.50 (0.52,4.34) 34 (2.3%) 0.43 (0.20,0.95) 0.53 (0.20,1.41) 45 (3.0%) 0.56 (0.25,1.26) 0.45 (0.21,0.98)
Governance
 Aboriginal community controlled health service 573 36 (6.3%) 1.65 (0.75,3.62) 1.43 (0.58,3.50) 21 (3.7%) 1.77 (0.70,4.49) 1.48 (0.54,4.11) 21 (3.7%) 1.29 (0.47,3.50) 1.38 (0.49,3.84)
 Government health service 1893 75 (4.0%) 1.00 1.00 42 (2.2%) 1.00 1.00 59 (3.1%) 1.00 1.00
Health service provider who first saw the child
 Indigenous health worker 338 8 (2.4%) 0.49 (0.26,0.93) 0.45 (0.27,0.77) 7 (2.1%) 0.89 (0.42,1.90) 0.78 (0.41,1.50) 5 (1.5%) 0.54 (0.26,1.10) 0.54 (0.26,1.12)
 Nurse 1723 83 (4.8%) 1.00 1.00 42 (2.4%) 1.00 1.00 62 (3.6%) 1.00 1.00
 General practitioner 271 13 (4.8%) 0.78 (0.33,1.86) 0.73 (0.32,1.69) 10 (3.7%) 1.27 (0.48,3.35) 1.13 (0.43,3.00) 8 (3.0%) 0.56 (0.20,1.52) 0.56 (0.19,1.58)
 Other 117 6 (5.1%) 1.11 (0.52,2.40) 1.09 (0.51,2.35) 4 (3.4%) 1.58 (0.64,3.88) 1.57 (0.65,3.76) 4 (3.4%) 0.93 (0.36,2.42) 0.92 (0.36,2.31)
 Missing 17 1 (5.9%)    0 (0.0%)    1 (5.9%)   
Year of data collection
 2012 488 36 (7.4%) 1.00 1.00 23 (4.7%) 1.00 1.00 17 (3.5%) 1.00 1.00
 2013 1334 44 (3.3%) 0.46 (0.21,0.99) 0.42 (0.19,0.93) 23 (1.7%) 0.33 (0.13,0.85) 0.45 (0.15,1.36) 37 (2.8%) 0.75 (0.24,2.30) 0.81 (0.24,2.81)
 2014 644 31 (4.8%) 0.57 (0.25,1.28) 0.51 (0.22,1.18) 17 (2.6%) 0.49 (0.20,1.22) 0.57 (0.20,1.68) 26 (4.0%) 1.17 (0.37,3.67) 1.26 (0.37,4.23)
Population size
  < 500 848 26 (3.1%) 1.00 1.00 18 (2.1%) 1.00 1.00 33 (3.9%) 1.00 1.00
 500–999 499 19 (3.8%) 1.21 (0.50,2.89) 1.17 (0.47,2.93) 6 (1.2%) 0.54(0.21,1.44) 0.42 (0.15,1.18) 6 (1.2%) 0.29 (0.11,0.78) 0.28 (0.10,0.80)
  > =1000 1119 66 (5.9%) 2.05 (0.98,4.27) 1.88 (0.83,4.24) 39 (3.5%) 1.69 (0.71,4.03) 1.15 (0.38,3.49) 41 (3.7%) 1.00 (0.45,2.19) 1.03 (0.46,2.34)
  1. OR Odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio aAdjusted for age, sex, year of data collection, geographic location, governance, CQI participation
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