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Table 2 Utilization and Chronic Condition Measures and Outcomes

From: A systematic review of care management interventions targeting multimorbidity and high care utilization

Utilization Measures Chronic disease-related measures
  Study # ED visits Hospital readmission Outpatient physician visits Cost Mortality HbA1C Lipids Blood pressure BMI Depression symptoms Med adherence
≥2 chronic medical conditions 1            
2   ↓*          
≥1 chronic medical condition + depression 3         ↓*   ↓* ↑*
4          ↓*  
5     ↓*   ↓* ↓* ↓*   ↓* ↑*
6           ↓*  
7       ↓*     ↓* ↑*
8       ↓*  
9       ↓*     ↓* ↑*
Past or predicted high utilization 10 ↓* ↑*         
11         
12 ↓* ↓*       
13     ↑*        
14     ↑*        
15 ↓*        
Total # measuring outcome 4 7 4 5 1 4 2 3 2 7 4
Total # with significant change favoring the intervention 0 2 1 2 0 3 1 2 0 7 4
  1. Indicates the study measured this outcome
  2. ↑* Indicates an increasing trend among intervention group with statistical significance at p ≤ 0.05
  3. ↓* Indicates a decreasing trend among intervention group with statistical significance at p ≤ 0.05