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Table 1 Characteristics of Interventions

From: A systematic review of care management interventions targeting multimorbidity and high care utilization

  Author, year [reference] Location Study # N Length (months) Intensity (contacts/ month) Care manager In-person Phone Mail Communicate w/ PCP
≥2 chronic medical conditions Dunbar 2014 [34] USA 1 71 1 4 Nurse   
Chow 2014 [35] HKG 2 281 1 4 Nurse   
≥1 chronic medical condition + depression Bogner 2008 [13] USA 3 64 1 5 Other a  
Ell 2010 [14, 15, 48] USA 4 387 12 0.73 Social Worker    
Katon 2010 [16,17,18,19,20,21,22] USA 5 214 12 1.73 Nurse  
Coventry 2015 [23] UK 6 387 3 1.5 Other    
Bogner 2010 [24] USA 7 58 1 5 Other  
Morgan 2013 [25] AUS 8 400 12 0.33 Nurse   
Bogner 2012 [22] USA 9 180 3 1.6 Other  
Past or predicted high utilization Shannon 2006 [27] USA 10 823 12 1 Other  
Boult 2011 [28, 29] USA 11 850 20 1 Nurse  
Reinius 2013 [30] SWE 12 268 12 2.7 Nurse    
MCCD b Washington [1] USA 13 2289 36 1.2 Nurse  
MCCD b CenVaNet [1] USA 14 1445 36 1.4 Nurses & Social Workers  
Sledge 2006 [33] USA 15 96 12 1 Nurse  
  1. aindicates the study included this intervention component
  2. b Medicare Coordinated Care Demonstration