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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of the association between exposure variables and EDVH within 180 days of admission to Toronto Central CCAC home care

From: The effect of informal caregiver support on utilization of acute health services among home care clients: a prospective observational study

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Main exposure variable of interest  
 Presence of an Informal Caregiver 1.24 (0.86–1.77)
Demographics and General Health Variables  
 Age 0.99 (0.97–1.01)
 Gender (female vs. male) 0.78 (0.54–1.13)
 Marital status (married vs. not married) 1.10 (0.74–1.62)
 English as primary language 0.88 (0.62–1.26)
 Participant or others around them concerned with participant’s drinking habits 0.71 (0.21–2.24)
 Smoked or chewed tobacco 1.19 (0.61–2.35)
 Felt they had poor health 1.80 (1.21–2.70)*
 Experienced ADL decline in last 90 days 1.41 (0.94–2.11)
Education Level
 Bachelor or Higher 0.83 (0.39–1.77)
 High School 1.36 (0.75–2.50)
 Some Post-secondary or Technical trade school 1.33 (0.74–2.41)
 Less than high school 1.00
Pain Frequency
 Daily-multiple periods 1.00 (0.66–1.52)
 Daily-one period 1.56 (0.80–3.10)
 Less than daily 1.01 (0.56–1.80)
 No Pain 1.00
Disease Diagnosis
 Severe Cardiac Disorders 1.62 (1.12–2.37)*
 Non-Severe Cardiac Disorders 0.97 (0.67–1.41)
 Alzheimer’s or Dementia 0.80 (0.52–1.20)
 Hemiplegia/hemiparesis, Multiple Sclerosis, or Parkinsonism 0.89 (0.35–2.25)
 Arthritis 0.79 (0.55–1.14)
 Fractures 0.94 (0.58–1.51)
 Osteoporosis 0.90 (0.59–1.39)
 Senses 0.82 (0.53–1.26)
 Any Psychiatric Diagnosis 1.20 (0.70–2.04)
 Pneumonia or Tuberculosis 1.61 (0.53–5.41)
 Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in last 30 days 0.84 (0.36–1.91)
 Cancer 1.46 (0.82–2.64)
 Diabetes 1.28 (0.86–1.93)
 Pulmonary diseases 2.12 (1.26–3.66)*
 Renal Failure 1.59 (0.54–1.13)
 Thyroid Disease (hypo or hyper) 0.71 (0.43–1.15)
  1. *p < .05