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Table 2 Variables predicting need for help for weight loss among men – results of backwards selection procedure

From: Predictors of need for help with weight loss among overweight and obese men and women in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study

Need for help for weight loss among men - yes or no (n = 2218, need for help among men, n = 521)
  Multivariable   
  Basic model 1 Final model 2 Effect size 3
Variables4 OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Predisposing characteristics
 Age 19–34 years 1.30 0.89–1.89    
 Age 35–49 years 1.04 0.80–1.34    
 Ethnicity (western) 1.00 0.67–1.50    
 Ethnicity (non-western) 1.03 0.63–1.68    
 Marital status (unmarried) 1.52 * 1.09–2.13 1.57 ** 1.15–2.15 Small
 Marital status (divorced) 1.30 0.85–2.00 1.27 0.83–1.93  
 Marital status (widowed) 1.13 0.38–3.31 1.10 0.38–3.20  
 Educational level (low) 0.90 0.51–1.57    
 Educational level (medium) 0.74 * 0.58–0.94    
Health- and weight-related factors
 Perceived health (poor) 2.22 *** 1.70–2.91 2.14 *** 1.65–2.78 Medium
 Weight status (obese) 3.98 *** 3.13–5.04 3.80 *** 3.01–4.80 Large
 Comorbidities (≥1 weight-related chronic condition) 1.31 * 1.01–1.69 1.26 0.99–1.61  
 Physical activity (non-active) 1.18 0.73–1.91    
 Physical activity (semi-active) 0.82 0.64–1.06    
Enabling resource
 Income (low) 0.85 0.60–1.20    
 Income (middle) 0.90 0.70–1.15    
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001
  2. 1 Multivariable model
  3. 2 Final model including only the strongest predictors using a backwards selection procedure
  4. 3 Effect size was classified as minimal (OR <1.5), small (1.5 ≤ OR < 2), medium (2 ≤ OR < 3) or large (OR ≥ 3)
  5. 4 Reference group: age = 50–64 years; ethnicity = Native Dutch; marital status = married/cohabiting; education = high; perceived health = good; weight status = overweight; comorbidities = no comorbidities; physical activity = norm-active; income = high