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Table 3 Hierarchical regression analyses (N = 440)

From: Health-care utilization of patients with chronic back pain before and after rehabilitation

  Index health-care utilization General practitioners Specialists Admission to hospital Physio-therapy Psycho-therapy
β
 Baseline values of corresponding utilization variable .288*** .288*** .141** .077 .165** .219***
R 2 after 1st step .128*** .159*** .078*** .025** .032*** .056***
β
 Gender −.158***     −.173**  
 Inability to work      .139**  
 Employment       −.085
 Hours of work −.122** −.090*    −.095 −.078
 Days on sick leave .332*** .231** .378*** .309*** .149* .283**
 State of health   .121* .182**    
 SF-12 PC   −.082     
 Chronification   .071   −.109*   
 Co-morbidity     .082   
 Disability (ODI)       −.134
 Helplessness and depression (FESV) .187***     .167** .208**
 Anger (FESV)   .180**     
 Anxiety (FESV)   −.091     
 Experience of competencies (FESV)      .088  
 Activity beliefs (FABQ) −.081*     −.071  
 LOC-FE .097*     .085  
Change R 2 after 2nd step .252*** .218*** .248*** .115** .148** .119***
β
 Difference sick leave .144* −.112* −.146*   −.154  
 Difference helplessness and depression    −.104*    
 Difference anger       .088
 Difference anxiety   .085* .118*    
 Difference experience of competencies   .072     
 Difference cognitive restructuring     .093*   
 Difference pain function and disability    .075    
 Difference pain intensity     .058   
Change R 2 after 3rd step .015** .019** .029** .012 .010 .008
R 2 .394 .399 .327 .152 .191 .182
  1. Standardized regression coefficients β and R 2 with significance, *** p < .001, ** p .01 , * p < .05; significant parameters are printed in bold type (p < .05)