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Table 1 Respondent characteristics (N = 688)

From: Health-care utilization of patients with chronic back pain before and after rehabilitation

Age (M; SD) 51.0 (11.2)
Gender (% female) 57.2
Marital status (% married) 61.1
Level of education (%)
 Elementary school 31.5
 Secondary school 50.8
 University-entrance diploma 12.2
Employment (%) 72.3
Inability to work (%) 37.7
Income per month (%)
  < 500 euro 2.9
 500–1000 euro 11.5
 1000–1500 euro 21.4
 1500–2000 euro 25.3
 2000–2500 euro 12.5
 2500–3000 euro 11.8
 3000–3500 euro 6.1
  > 3500 euro 8.6
Pain intensity (VAS; 0–100, M; SD) 52.9 (22.7)
Chronification (%)
 Acute event 0.6
  < 1 year 12.4
 1–2 years 11.1
 3–5 years 18.6
 6–10 years 16.3
  > 10 years 40.2
Treatment motivation (1–6, M; SD) 5.2 (0.88)