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Table 1 Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents by Location

From: Urban-rural difference in satisfaction with primary healthcare services in Ghana

Characteristic Urban
n = 1838 (%)
Rural
n = 1738 (%)
Total
n = 3576 (%)
Statistical indices
Age (years)
 15–19 168 (9.1) 177 (10.2) 345 (9.6) χ2 = 6.725
df = 6
p = 0.347
 20–24 306 (16.6) 324 (18.6) 630 (17.6)
 25–29 391 (21.3) 357 (20.5) 748 (20.9)
 30–34 338 (18.4) 292 (16.8) 630 (17.6)
 35–39 289 (15.7) 254 (14.6) 543 (15.2)
 40–44 201 (10.9) 179 (10.3) 380 (10.6)
 45–49 145 (7.9) 155 (8.9) 300 (8.4)
Region
 Western 157 (8.5) 167 (9.6) 324 (9.1) χ2 = 326.695
df = 9
p < 0.001*
 Central 158 (8.6) 142 (8.2) 300 (8.4)
 Greater Accra 314 (17.1) 41 (2.4) 355 (9.9)
 Volta 129 (7.0) 190 (10.9) 319 (8.9)
 Eastern 174 (9.5) 167 (9.6) 341 (9.5)
 Ashanti 258 (14.0) 132 (7.6) 390 (10.9)
 Brong Ahafo 209 (11.4) 218 (12.5) 427 (11.9)
 Northern 154 (8.4) 200 (11.5) 354 (9.9)
 Upper East 178 (9.7) 244 (14.0) 422 (11.8)
 Upper West 107 (5.8) 237 (13.6) 344 (9.6)
Highest Educational Level
 No formal education 271 (14.7) 616 (35.4) 887 (24.8) χ2 = 336.980
df = 3
p < 0.001*
 Primary 259 (14.1) 352 (20.3) 611 (17.1)
 Secondary 1085 (59.0) 726 (41.8) 1811 (50.6)
 Higher 223 (12.1) 44 (2.5) 267 (7.5)
Wealth Index
 Poorest 120 (6.5) 753 (43.3) 873 (24.4) χ2 = 1591.674
df = 4
p < 0.001*
 Poorer 123 (6.7) 501 (28.8) 624 (17.4)
 Middle 377 (20.5) 346 (19.9) 723 (20.2)
 Richer 549 (29.9) 130 (7.5) 679 (19.0)
 Richest 669 (36.4) 8 (0.5) 677 (18.9)
Type of facility
 Public/government 1378 (75.2) 1592 (91.8) 2970 (83.2) χ2 = 175.643
df = 1
p < 0.001*
 Private 455 (24.8) 143 (8.2) 598 (16.8)
  1. *p significant at p < 0.05
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