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Table 3 Time point 2 (T2) outcomes by treatment group

From: Pilot randomised controlled trial of culturally adapted cognitive behavior therapy for psychosis (CaCBTp) in Pakistan

Outcome Statistics Treatment group Adjusted mean difference (95% CI) (CaCBTp – TAU) Effect size P-value
CaCBTp (N = 17) TAU (N = 16)
Sub-Total of Positive Subscale (PANSS) Raw mean (SD) 12.88 (4.01) 17.31 (7.34)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 12.76 (10.05, 15.46) 17.45 (14.66, 20.24) −4.69 (−8.58, −0.80) 0.32 0.02
Sub-Total of Negative Subscale (PANSS) Raw mean (SD) 13.18 (3.70) 16.38 (6.13)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 13.02 (10.63, 15.40) 16.55 (14.08, 19.01) −3.53 (−6.97, −0.09) 0.24 0.045
Sub-Total of General Psycho-pathology Subscale (PANSS) Raw mean (SD) 27.53 (6.76) 34.69 (8.49)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 27.36 (23.62, 31.09) 34.87 (31.02, 38.72) −7.51 (−12.88. -2.14) 0.26 0.008
Final Total of PANSS Raw mean (SD) 53.59 (12.46) 68.38 (19.11)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 53.03 (45.55, 60.51) 68.97 (61.25, 76.68) −15.94 (−26.71, −5.17) 0.51 0.005
Delusion Severity Total Raw mean (SD) 6.82 (5.93) 11.69 (6.97)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 6.99 (4.33, 9.65) 11.51 (8.77, 14.25) −4.52 (−8.34, −0.70) 0.71 0.02
Hallucination Severity Total Raw mean (SD) 5.59 (9.25) 11.19 (15.23)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 5.05 (0.52, 9.59) 11.75 (7.08, 16.43) −6.70 (−13.22, −0.18) 0.43 0.04
SAI Total Raw mean (SD) 11.00 (3.84) 7.13 (4.96)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 10.87 (9.00, 12.74) 7.26 (5.33, 9.19) 3.61 (0.92, 6.30) 0.16 0.01
Depression Total Raw mean (SD) 3.53 (3.50) 4.56 (4.94)    
Adjusted mean (95% CI) 3.51 (1.57, 5.46) 4.58 (2.58, 6.59) −1.07 (−3.87, 1.72)   0.44