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Table 5 Hierarchical regression in Generalized Estimating Equation Models analytical result of hospital performance

From: Identifying competitive strategies to improve the performance of hospitals in a competitive environment

Dependent variables: management performance
  Model 1
interviewee perception performance
Model 2
interviewee perception performance
Model 3
Objective performance
Model 4
Objective performance
Variables B1 Std.Error1 Sig. B2 Std.Error2 Sig. B3 Std.Error3 Sig. B4 Std.Error4 Sig.
Independent variables
 Implementation requirements −20.281 13.9198   −20.920 15.8432   −0.121 0.2733   −0.417 0.1372 ***
 Strategic orientation 24.126 4.7518 *** 20.745 5.9890 *** −0.145 0.2885   −0.009 0.2018  
 Action complexity 0.086 0.0273 *** 0.079 0.0272 *** 0.003 0.0005 *** 0.002 0.0004 ***
Control variables
 Private non-profit hospital     −9.751 6.3849      0.043 0.0673  
 Private for-profit hospitals     −7.451 5.9564      0.169 0.0757 **
 Regional hospital     1.257 8.8418      −0.317 0.1262 **
 Organizational size     0.005 0.0074      0.000 8.5350 ***
  1. Number of data (60 = 20 number of cluster*3 size of cluster), * p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; *** p < 0.01