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Table 4 Total average cost per individual in years 1–3 after a first-time hospital diagnosis of atrial fibrillation according to occurrence of ischaemic stroke within the first year after diagnosis

From: Cost of illness of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study of societal impact

  Patients without ischemic stroke
Sum of costs, years 1–3
(N = 13,492 AF patients)
Patients with ischemic stroke
Sum of costs, years 1–3
(N = 682 AF patients)
Average costs attributable to ischemic stroke
Sum of costs, years 1–3
Primary sector costs 365 1412 1047
Outpatient costs 2670 2314 −357
Hospital admission costs 15,112 63,692 48,580
Medicine costs 554 861 307
Productivity loss 8660 8919 258
Home care costs 2703 12,312 9609
Total 30,066 89,510 59,443
  1. Attributable cost reflects cost attributable to ischaemic stroke and was estimated as the total cost of AF patient with subsequent stroke minus the total cost among AF patients without stroke. Data are from the latest available year with up to 3 years of follow-up (i.e. patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in 2010). All costs are in euros and based on 2013 prices