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Table 3 Totala and attributableb average cost per individual in years 1–3 after a first-time hospital diagnosis of atrial fibrillation

From: Cost of illness of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study of societal impact

  Cost, year 1
(N = 15,237 AF patients)
Cost, year 2
(N = 11,403 AF patients)
Cost, year 3
(N = 9734 AF patients)
Sum, year 1–3
Total Attributable Total Attributable Total Attributable Total Attributable
Primary sector costs 222 206 121 103 75 80 418 389
Outpatient costs 1708 1533 567 388 399 203 2673 2125
Hospital admission costs 6657 6336 5457 5398 4456 4531 16,570 16,265
Medicine costs 169 143 186 155 210 186 564 484
Productivity loss 2012 824 2697 191 3824 160 8533 1176
Home care costs 1237 992 1241 819 920 629 3397 2439
Total 12,005 10,034 10,268 7055 9883 5788 32,156 22,878
  1. aTotal costs after AF diagnosis was defined as the average cost per AF-patient 1st, 2nd and 3rd year after the AF diagnosis date (including primary sector, outpatient, hospital admission, medicine, productivity loss and home care) minus the average cost per patient the year before the AF diagnosis date
  2. bThe total costs of AF minus the total costs among the controls. Data are from the latest available year with up to 3 years of follow-up (i.e. patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in 2010). All costs are in euros and based on 2013 prices